Ammi visnaga

Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)

  • Tooth-pick plant
  • بذر خلة
  • خلة بلدي
  • ساق العروس
  • bedher khilleh
  • khilleh baladi
  • saq al-'arus
  • אַמִּיתָה קֵיצִית
  • amita qeitzit

Annual

  • Disturbed habitats
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes

Hypoglycemic

Decoct fruits & drink x3 cups/day.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Gallstones

Anti-lithic

1. Decoct fruit in water + "duqet 'adas" (Micromeria serpyllifolia) + radish seeds & drink.
2. Decoct fruits & drink x3 cups/day.

FruitZ
General

Reduce fever in internal inflammation

Anti-pyretic

Decoct fruits & drink x3 cups/day.

FruitZ
Helminth infections

Exterminate tapeworm (Taenia sp.)

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

Use fruit (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones

Anti-lithic

1.Decoct flowers & drink x1 cup/day mornings. (B)
2. Decoct fruit in water & drink x3 cups/day. (Z)

Flower, FruitB, Z
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary obstruction

Deobstruent

Cook fruit in water & drink.

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection

Anti-Infective

Decoct flowers & drink x1 cup/day mornings.

FlowerB
Men`s Health

Prostate problems

Prostate health

Decoct flowers & drink 1 cup/day mornings.

FlowerB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Decoct fruits & drink x3 cups/day.

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatism

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Grind fruit, cook in olive oil & massage with oil.

FruitZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z notes that this species is also used to clean teeth using the umbel or inflorescence as a tooth pick (i.e. the short flower stalks spreading out from a common point like umbrella ribs that become woody after fruit is ripe)
2. Z quotes various Jewish & Arabic sources for the toothpick use: "A man takes a toothpick before him to clean his teeth' (Bitzah, 4,6); The answer to the Arabic name for this species ""Khilleh" ( i.e. "what is removed from the teeth with a toothpick) is "visnaga” (“misuak”) a toothbrush, a toothpick".
3. Z also mentions the long historical use of this species amongst Arabs for treating asthma & angina.
4. In the recipe for treating gallstones there is addition of "duqet 'adas" which Z adds in parenthesis is Micromeria serpyllifolia (a synonym of Micromeria fruticose). However Hebrew & Arabic names for the Micromeria genus are "zuta " or "zufa" therefore identity of this ingredient is unclear.
Ammi visnaga contains furocoumarins associated with photosensitizing dermatitis. Unsafe in high doses or over long periods. Other side effects include; liver problems, nausea, dizziness, constipation, lack of appetite, headache, itching, trouble sleeping, & ocular toxicity.