Anchusa azurea

Anchusa azurea Mill.

Boraginaceae

  • Italian Alkanet
  • Italian Bugloss
  • Large Blue Alkanet
  • ذنب القط
  • zanab el-qitt
  • לְשׁוֹן-פַּר אִיטַלְקִית
  • leshon-par italqit

Hemicryptophyte

  • Batha
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Anchusa azurea Mill.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Hair strengthener

Hair restorer

Extract flowers & drink +1 spoon of honey.

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Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

Cook flowers + poppy capsules/pods (seeds removed) + khadaljan (Alpinia officinarum) & drink or direct steam to ear. (See NOTES 2)

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Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea / dysentery

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1. Cook flowers in water & drink
2. Add water extract of flowers to "shodon aliza" (identity of this plant is unknown) which has been mixed with almond oil & heated; drink.

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Gastrointestinal

Drooling (excessive salivation)

Non-specific

Cook flowers in water & drink.

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Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Use flowers. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

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Gastrointestinal

Strong abdominal pain

Analgesic, Carminative

Cook flowers in water & drink.

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General

High fever

Anti-pyretic

Cook flowers in water & drink.

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General

Strengthen/ tone body

Tonic

Cook flowers in water & drink.

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Haematology

Lack of blood (anaemia)

Anti-anaemic

Decoct flowers, add + nabat sugar & drink. (See NOTES
3.)

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Mental Health

Fear

Anxiolytic

Decoct flowers (optionally add + nabat sugar) & drink.(See NOTES
3.)

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Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

Cook flowers in water & drink.

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Womens Health

All women after childbirth (See NOTES 3)

Alterative, Tonic

Decoct flowers, add + nabat sugar & drink. (See NOTES 4)

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Womens Health

Menstrual pain

Analgesic

Decoct flowers & drink.

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The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z notes that the Hebrew name for this species translates as Italian bull's tongue & that an additional common Persian name is "goleh gabzebun" which he relates to the Persian name "golgobzamo" (gol = flower, gobzamo = bull's toungue).
2. Nabat sugar used in some recipes is crystalline sugar formed by dissolving sugar granules in water & slowly vaporizing it.
3. Alpinia officinarum used in the recipe for earache is a non-native introduced species.
4. Z mentions that using Anchusa azurea for all women after childbirth is described together with the complaint for anemia & therefore may refer to treating blood loss & anemia after childbirth.

Anchusa azurea contains cynoglossine alkaloid that may have a paralyzing effect. Therefore CAUTION using this species internally.