Balanites aegyptiaca

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

Zygophyllaceae

  • Desert Date
  • Egyptian Balsam
  • Egyptian Myrobalan
  • Oil Tree
  • Simple-thorned Torchwood
  • Soapberry Tree
  • Thorn Tree
  • زقوم
  • zaqqum
  • זַקּוּם מִצְרִי
  • zaqum mitzri

Tree

  • Desert
  •  Thermophilous plants
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

Decoct roots & drink x1 cup/day as needed.

RootB
Gastrointestinal

Stomach ulcer

Anti-ulcer

Grind fresh fruits & eat + milk before breakfast for 40 days.

FruitB
Gastrointestinal

Vomiting

Anti-emetic

Grind fresh fruits & eat + milk before breakfast for 40 days.

FruitB
Wound Healing

Wound

Vulnerary

Extract fruits in boiling water, filter & apply to affected area.

FruitB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Balanites aegyptiaca leaves, fruit, bark & roots contain saponins, furanocoumarin & alkaloids (in the bark). Saponins are bitter & toxic but poorly absorbed & can be removed by leaching in running water & through cooking. Not advisable to eat large quantities. Furanocoumarin may be associated with photosensitizing dermatitis. Unsafe in high doses or over long periods.