Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra (L.) K.Koch

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

  • Black Mustard
  • خردل
  • khardal
  • חַרְדָּל
  • כְּרוּב שָׁחֹר
  • khardal
  • kruv shakhor

Annual

  • Batha
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Brassica nigra (L.) K.Koch

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Chest pain

Analgesic

1. Grind seeds, mix + vinegar, prepare plaster/ poultice & apply to chest.
2. Mix powdered seeds into foot bath.

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Cardiovascular

Weak heart

Cardiac

Mix powdered seeds into bath water & take a whole body bath.

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Child Health

Sudden coldness in infants causing body to turn blue

Rubefacient

Add powdered seeds to hot bath & immerse infant in water for 2 min. (See NOTES 1)

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Dermatological

Chapped hands & feet

Emollient

Mix powdered seeds + soap suds & massage.

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Dermatological

Cold limbs & peripheries

Rubefacient

Mix powdered seeds into foot bath.

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Dermatological

Eczema

Anti-inflammatory

Extract oil (also known as "zeit el-tartar" or tartar oil) from Brassica seeds, (See NOTES 2) mix + olive oil & apply ointment externally.

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Dermatological

Open/ burst pimples & purulent skin lesions

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

1. Mix 1 teaspoon of powdered seeds + little honey (can also add lard) to make ointment & apply to pimple for few hours.
2. Add warm water to 200 gm of powdered seeds to form a suspension. After 30 min add to hot bath & stay in the bath for 10 min.

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Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Ear inflammation

Anti-Infective

Extract oil from seeds ("zeit el-tartar" or tartar oil) (See NOTES 2) & cook + scorpions & apply externally as ear drops. (See NOTES 3)

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Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Tonsilitis/ sore throat/ hoarseness & other oral cavity disturbances

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

1. Mixed powdered seeds into a footbath.
2. Apply powdered seeds as plaster/poultice over neck & throat.
3. Gargle using x3 teaspoons of powdered seeds mixed with hot water.

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Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

Make compress with powdered seeds, add + na'na (mint) & apply to umbilical area. (See NOTES 1.)

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Gastrointestinal

Gastric acidity

Antacid

Apply compress of powdered seeds to abdomen especially stomach area. (See NOTES 1.)

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Gastrointestinal

Gastric ulcer

Anti-ulcer

Apply compress of powdered seeds to abdomen especially stomach area. (See NOTES 1.)

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Gastrointestinal

Improve appetite/ digestion & relieve gas/ distension

Carminative, Digestive, Stomachic

Eat powdered seeds.

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Gastrointestinal

Inflammation of digestive tract

Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent

For internal use add 1 tablespoon of powdered seeds to 1 cup warm water. (Admin. not specified.)

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General

Fever

Anti-pyretic

Soak towel in hot water containing x2-3 teaspoons of powdered seeds & wrap towel around body.

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General

Swollen glands (lymph nodes)

Anti-Infective

1. Mix x1 teaspoon of powdered seeds + little honey (can also add lard) to make ointment & apply to affected area for few hours.
2. Add warm water to 200 gm of powdered seeds to form a suspension. After 30 min add to hot bath & stay in bath for 10 min.

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Helminth infections

Worms; exterminates them

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

Add 1 tablespoon of powdered seeds to 1 cup warm water & drink.

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Infectious Diseases

Measles

Anti-Infective

Soak towel in hot water containining x 2-3 teaspoons of powdered seeds & wrap around body.

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Medical Preparations

Prepare plaster/ poultice (See also other Complaints/Uses for Brassica nigra.)

Poultice

1. Mix powdered seeds in warm water & apply to wet cloth spread with flour dough/ paste (so that the powdered mixture sticks to cloth). Warm cloth & apply it to skin. Remove after 5-30 min according to patient`s tolerance.
2. Can also add powdered linum (flax) seeds to above & apply poultice to the affected area.

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Medical Preparations

Preparing hand/foot bath. (See also other Complaints/Uses for Brassica nigra.)

Hand/foot bath

Make suspension of x2 teaspoons of powdered seeds in warm water, add to hot water & immerse hands or feet for 10 min. CARE: If severe irritation & reddening of skin with blisters develops, stop bath immediately & rinse skin with hot water. (See also CAUTIONS)

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Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Grind seeds, moisten + water, spread on cloth & apply as a compress to back for about 15 min. (See NOTES 1.)
2. Apply seed oil to painful area.

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Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatism

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Add powdered seeds to foot bath & immerse x1/day over a prolonged period.
2. Prepare compress of crushed seeds & apply to painful area for 15 min until area is stimulated (irritated).
3. Extract oil from seeds ("zeit el- tartar" or tartar oil) (See NOTES 2) & apply as ointment to painful area. Can also mix + olive oil.

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Nervous System

High blood pressure from cerebral haemorrhage

Hypotensive

Eat x2 seeds every morning for few days.

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Nervous System

Migraine, dizziness & headaches

Analgesic

1. Mix powdered seed into footbath.
2. Apply powdered seeds as bandage to back of head or forehead.

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Nervous System

Sciatica (ischias)

Analgesic

Apply compress to painful area for 15 min until area is stimulated (irritated).

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Nervous System

Tremor

Nervine

Apply seed oil to hands.

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Pain relief

Body ache & headache

Analgesic

Grind seeds, mix + vinegar, prepare plaster/poultice & apply to aching parts of body & forehead. (See NOTES 1.)

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Poisoning

Poisoning; induce vomiting

Emetic

Add 1 tablespoon of powdered seeds to 1 cup of warm water & drink.

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Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

1. Add powdered seeds mixed in water to bath & immerse.
2. Add powdered seeds to foot bath.
3. Grind seeds & eat x1 teaspoon/day.

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Respiratory

Cold/ runny nose/ fever

Anti-Infective, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-pyretic

Prepare poultice/hot compress of powdered seeds & apply to back & back of neck. (See NOTES 1.)

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Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

Cook seeds slowly for several hours + Myrtus seeds + dry almond peels + dried figs + nabat sugar (see NOTES 2) + brown sugar + carob fruit to obtain jam-like substance; eat mornings x1 teaspoon/day.

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Respiratory

Pertussis (whooping cough) & Bronchitis

Anti-Infective

Prepare poultice/ hot compress of powdered seeds & apply to chest. (See NOTES 1.)

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Respiratory

Pneumonia

Anti-Infective

1. Add powdered seeds mixed in water to bath & immerse.
2. Prepare poultice/hot compress of powdered seeds & apply to back & chest.

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Venoms, Bites & Stings

Snake bites & stings; induces vomiting

Emetic

Add 1 tablespoonful powdered seeds to 1 cup of warm water & drink.

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Womens Health

Induce abortion

Abortifacient

Immerse in hot mustard bath (using seeds) mornings for x3 days while drinking mixture of 5-6 onions cooked in brown outer peel + "henna" (Lawsonia inermis) +� teaspoon cinnamon.

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Womens Health

Promote menstruation

Emmenagogue

Add powdered seed to full bath or sitzbath. (Admin. further details not specified).

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Wound Healing

Skin lesions & wounds

Vulnerary

Make compress of crushed seeds & apply to affected area. (See NOTES 1.)

Seed

Other Uses

Brassica nigra (L.) K.Koch

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Culinary

Seasoning

Seasoning

Eat powdered seeds.

SeedZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Brassica nigra seeds are used in making plaster/poultice & compresses for a number of complaints. Their preparations are described separately (See Glossary: Medical Preparations) Z notes that in preparing a hand or foot bath with Brassica nigra seeds, the patient may develop severe skin irritation, inflammation & blisters. In this case the bath should be stopped & skin rinsed with hot water. (See also CAUTIONS.)
2. Z identifies oil from Brassica nigra seeds as tartar oil or “zeit el tartar”. However tartar oil is concentrated potassium carbonate K2CO3 solution.
3. The use of animals parts (scorpions) in the recipe for ear drops is dangerous & not recommended
4. Nabat sugar used in some recipes is crystalline sugar formed by dissolving sugar granules in water & slowly vaporizing it.
Oral ingestion of large amounts of Brassica nigra can be irritating & cause bowel impaction & severe inflammation. External use (>15 minutes) can cause severe burns & should not be applied to children less than 6 yrs old or patients with renal disease as oil is absorbed through the skin. Contraindicated in gastrointestinal tract ulcers & nephrosis. Hyperthyroidism is linked to isothiocyanates in Brassica nigra