Bryonia syriaca

Bryonia syriaca Boiss.


  • Syrian Bryony
  • الجرموعة
  • el-jarmu'a
  • דְּלַעַת-נָחָשׁ סוּרִית
  • dla'at nakhash surit

Hemicryptophyte,  Climber

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Bryonia syriaca Boiss.

Activity / Interpretation Traditional

Parts Used




Decoct root in water, cool, strain & take 1 large tablespoon + sugar x2/day.

Aerial partsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Byronia genus contains species whose roots are powerful laxatives, emetics & can cause severe skin irritation. All parts of plants & roots contain toxic cucurbitacins & are considered poisonous. They may cause abortion, anuria, blisters, colic collapse, convulsions, cramps, dermatosis, diarrhea, dizziness, emesis, nephrosis, neursis. Byronia species are likely unsafe at low doses while larger doses may cause fatal poisoning. Touching fresh bryonia can cause skin irritation. Eating berries can cause death.