Ceratonia siliqua

Ceratonia siliqua L.

Leguminosae (Fabaceae)

  • Carob
  • Locust Tree
  • خرنوب
  • خروب
  • kharnub (literal)
  • kharub
  • חָרוּב מָצוּי
  • kharuv matzuy

Tree

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ceratonia siliqua L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Poor blood circulation

Vasoprotective

Decoct fruit & drink 1 cup/day.

FruitB
Child Health

Asthma in infants & children

Anti-asthmatic

Decoct crushed/ grated seeds in water, cool, filter & drink x3/day.

SeedZ
Dermatological

Hair loss

Hair restorer

Cut 400 gm of fruit into small pieces, soak in 1L water for 12 hr & boil for 10 min; squeeze or pound boiled fruit, filter & apply filtrate to scalp x1/day.

FruitB
Dermatological

Tumors of skin & fingers. (Unclear if maligant or benign.)

Anti-tumor

Decoct leaves in water & apply decoction topically x3 /day.

Leaf Z
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Oral cavity & throat antiseptic

Anti-septic

Decoct leaves in water, cool, filter, add vinegar & gargle after meals & before sleep.

LeafZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Soften throat

Demulcent

Macerate fruit in cold water + "sus" (Glycyrrhiza sp.) root & drink.

FruitZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Throat inflammation & tonsillitis

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

1. Crush ripe fruit (seeds removed), cook in water + sugar for hours until syrup; eat 1 tablespoon x4/day after meals.
2. Mix fruit syrup with "tahina" (sesame seed paste). ( Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes

Hypoglycemic

1.Grind dried fruits, boil in water, filter & drink filtrate x2 teaspoons/day mornings until well. (B)
2.Grind roasted seeds to powder & drink as medicinal coffee. (Z)

Fruit, SeedB, Z
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal swelling

Anti-hydropic

Cook fruit in water + leaves of "ghar" (Laurus nobilis) & drink.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

1. Mix fruit syrup + cow's milk & drink. After eat as many dried figs as possible.
2. Crush ripe fruit (seeds removed), cook in water + sugar for hours until syrup & eat 1 tablespoon x3/day.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea/ Dysentery

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1.Diarrhea: Dry fruits, grind & soak in water overnight, filter syrup & drink 1 cup x2-3/day. (B)
2. Diarrhea & dysentery: Grind roasted seeds to powder & drink as medicinal coffee. (Z)

Fruits, SeedB, Z
Gastrointestinal

Digestive tract inflammation

Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 tablespoons /day.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Grind dried fruits, soak in water overnight, filter & drink 1 cup of the syrup/ filtrate x2-3/day.

FruitB
General

Fever

Anti-pyretic

Prepare fruit syrup + salt, moisten gauze pad with mixture & use as a suppository.

FruitZ
General

Strengthen body

Tonic

Eat fruit.

FruitZ
Haematology

Anaemia

Anti-anaemic

Dry fruits, grind, soak in water overnight, filter syrup & drink 1 cup x2-3/day.

FruitsB
Infectious Diseases

Diphtheria

Anti-Infective

Mix fruit syrup + "tahina" (sesame seed paste) (Admin.not specified.)

FruitZ
Infectious Diseases

Measles

Anti-Infective

Use fruit syrup. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones

Anti-lithic

Add 1 spoon of fruit paste to 1 cup of water & drink 1 cup x1/day for 1 week.

FruitB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary retention

Deobstruent

1. Decoct fruits & drink x1 cup/day until healed.
2. Dry fruits & eat daily until healed.
3. Prepare juice of fruits, boil + sugar till thickens & drink daily until healed.

FruitB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection

Anti-Infective

1. Grind dried fruits, soak in water for 12 hr, boil (time not-specified) & drink x1 cup mornings for 1 week.
2. Add 1 kg of dried fruits to 3L of water, boil for 15 min, soak overnight, filter & drink 1 cup x3/day until healed.

FruitB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Mend a bone fracture; by resetting it.

Vulnerary

Cook young branches & leaves + "za'tar" (Thymbra capitata) + branches of "ghar" (Laurus nobilis) + branches of olive (Olea sp.) + "saris" (Pistacia lentiscus) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa). After holding broken limb over steam for few minutes, the bone can be re-broken with a light tap.

Branch /twig, LeafZ
Opthalmic

Eye inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Crush leaves or fruits, soak in water, boil for 4 hr & apply to eye.

FruitB
Oral Health

Mouth sores

Mouth wash

Boil fruit syrup until a paste is formed. This can be spread inside the mouth using any of following: 1. "shabba" (alum, see NOTES 1).
2. Sour pomegranate juice (Punica sp.)
3. NaHCO3 (sodium bicarbonate) + "nasha" (Amylum Tritici) (See NOTES 2 + butter.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Mouth/ gum inflammation

Anti-gum disease

Grind dried fruits, soak in water overnight, filter & rinse mouth x3 /day.

FruitB
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

Decoct leaves in water, cool, filter, add vinegar & gargle.

LeafZ
Pain Relief

Chest pain

Analgesic

Grind dried fruits, boil in water, filter & drink filtrate 2 teaspoons x2/day in morning & evening until well.

FruitB
Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

1. Macerate fruit in cold water + "sus" (Glycyrrhiza sp.) root & drink. (Z)
2. Mix fruit syrup + "tahina" (sesame seed paste). (Admin. not specified.) (Z)
3. Cook fruits for a long time to obtain jam, add + "reihan" (Myrtus) seeds + almond shells + dried figs + "nabat" sugar + brown sugar + mustard; eat 1 teaspoon x1/day mornings. (Z)
4. Boil dried fruits in water for 1hr. & drink x 2-3 cups/day until well.(B)

FruitZ
Respiratory system

Pertussis

Anti-Infective

Mix fruit syrup + "tahina" (sesame seed paste). (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Wound Healing

Infection/ pus

Anti-Infective

Boil fruit syrup, cool & spread on infected area.

FruitZ

Other Uses

Ceratonia siliqua L.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Cosmetic

Soap substitute

Cleansing product

Dry leaves & use to lather water as soap substitute in laundry. (See NOTES.)

LeafZ
Culinary

Preparing syrup/ honey

Nutritive

Prepare an extract of crushed fruit in hot water; boil until most fluid evaporates leaving a concentrated viscous, sweet, brown syrup ("rubb" or "dibs-el-kharub" = carob honey) which is eaten.

FruitZ
Veterinary

Anthelmintic in animals

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

Boil fruit in water & and add to animal`s drinking water

FruitB
Veterinary

Clean uterus in livestock

Depurative

Add fruit to animal fodder of cows, sheep, goats.

FruitB
Veterinary

Delay in animal giving birth

Parturient

Add fruit to animal fodder.

FruitB
Veterinary

Scabies in cats & dogs

Scabicide

1.Crush leaves or fruits, soak in water, boil for 4 hr & apply to affected skin of animal.
2.Add fruit to animal feed.

Fruit /LeafB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z notes that Ceratonia siliqua as a soap substitute is used by the Bedouin community.
2. Both Z & B use Ceratonia siliqua against diarrhea while Z also uses it as a laxative.
3. Alum mentioned in some Z recipes usually refers to a hydrated double sulfate salt of Aluminum.
4. Z uses "nasha" an Arabic word for amylum (starch of Triticum sp.)