Coriandrum sativum

Coriandrum sativum L.

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)

  • Coriander
  • Wild Coriander
  • كُزْبَرَة. كسبرة
  • kusbara
  • kuzbara
  • גַּד הַשָּׂדֶה
  • gad ha-sade

Annual

  • Batha
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Coriandrum sativum L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Heart palpitations & weak heart

Cardiac

1. Decoct crushed fruits & drink.
2. Grind fruit + almonds + sesame seeds & warm a little ; mix + "nabat" sugar & eat x1 teaspoon morning & evenings. Drink above together + water extract of Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) flowers.

FruitZ
Cardiovascular

High blood pressure (Hypertension)

Hypotensive

Eat fresh leaves as salad with meal

LeafB
Dermatological

Scabies

Scabicide

Decoct crushed fruits, make bandage/ compress & apply to affected area.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Urticaria/ nettle rash

Anti-allergy, Anti-pruritic

Decoct crushed fruits, make bandage/ compress & apply to affected area.

FruitZ
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes mellitus

Hypoglycemic

Prepare powder of Coriander + cumin fruits. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain/ spasms/ distension / gas; a carminative

Anti-spasmodic, Carminative

1. Roast fruits. (Admin. not specified.)
2. Decoct crushed fruits & drink.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Cook plant in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

Boil fruit + 1 tablespoon "eshel" (Tamarix sp.) wood + "yansun" (Pimpinella) + cinnamon & drink morning & evenings. (Forbidden to eat meat)

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Gastric acid excess/heart burn

Antacid

1. Eat roasted fruits.
2. Cook aerial parts & drink.
3. Heartburn: cook leaves in water & drink.

Aerial parts, Fruit, LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Decoct seeds & apply as poultice.

SeedB
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Mix powdered fruits + honey & eat x1 teaspoon /day.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Liver disease

Hepatic

Use fruits (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Vomiting

Anti-emetic

Cook plant in water. (Admin. not specified.)

Aerial partsZ
General

Dizziness/ fainting/ general body weakness

Tonic

1. Mix powdered fruits + honey & eat x1 tablespoon every morning.
2. Macerate after removing seeds a mixture of raisins + "tamarhindi" (Tamarindus indica). Leave overnight then boil, cool, filter, add + sugar + powdered Coriandrum fruit, cook for 15 min & eat.

FruitZ
General

Oedema

Anti-hydropic

Macerate powdered fruit in vinegar for few hrs, filter through gauze; drink before meals & rub over body.

FruitZ
General

Swelling

Anti-hydropic

Bake bread with Coriandrum fruits + honey + raisins & apply as bandage to affected area.

FruitZ
Haematology

Iron deficiency anaemia

Anti-anaemic

Eat fresh leaves as salad with meal

LeafB
Helminth infections

Worms in intestinal tract & other parasites

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Mix powdered fruit s + powdered seeds of "rashad" (Lepidium sativum) + mint leaves + green pomegranate peel; decoct mixture in water for 15 min, cool, allow ingredients to sink & drink liquid (leaving sediment).
2. Use fruit. (Preparation /Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Infectious Diseases

Mumps

Anti-Infective

Mix leaves or fruits + crushed black pepper + cardamom + cumin; prepare compress & apply to swelling.

Fruit, LeafZ
Men`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase virility

Aphrodisiac

Use fruits. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Cook leaves in water. (Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatic pain

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Add fruit to ground barley flour mixed + vinegar & prepare dough; apply to painful area. (Especially good when pain is accompanied by fever.) If treatment 1 does not help then use the following :
2. Add fruit to ground lentils + burnt ground lamb bones + "halila" (Terminalia sp.) (See NOTES 2), peels + "surinjan" (Colchicum sp.) & eat for 3 days. (Also 1 cup of concentrated extract of "kosani" (Cichorium sp.) can be drunk evenings.)
3. Decoct crushed fruits & drink.

FruitZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

1. Macerate fruits in cold water & use liquid as nose drops.
2. Burn fruits + pumpkin peels & inhale smoke before sunrise.
3. Cook leaves in water (Admin. not specified.)

Fruit, LeafZ
Opthalmic

Eye inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Mix crushed plant with a woman's breast milk & apply to eye.

Aerial partsZ
Opthalmic

Weak eyesight

Visual health

Roast fruits + "feijan" (Ruta chalepensis) leaves, grind & sift; apply on rims of eyelids like eyeliner ("kohol") (See NOTES 3).

FruitZ
Oral Health

Mouth & gum inflammation

Anti-gum disease, Mouth wash

Cook leaves in water (Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Oral Health

Removes smell in breath after eating onion or garlic

Mouth wash

Eat leaves.

LeafZ
Respiratory

Colds

Anti-Infective

Cook leaves in water (Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Surgical/ Trauma

Haemorrhage

Haemostatic

Use roasted fruits (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Women`s Health

Prevent abortion

Anti-abortive

Prepare extract/ infusion in water of fruits + "yansun" (Pimpinella) + fennel + carrots & drink.

FruitZ
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

Prepare compress of crushed leaves & apply to burn.

LeafZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z adds (from Guenther E . Essential Oils Vol VI , 1952) that oil from mature seeds of Coriandrum sativum have pleasant, warm,spicy aroma & are used in flavouring food products; sauces,soups, baked goods, confectionery, alcoholic liquours (chiefly gin) etc. Coriander seed oil is also a valuable ingredient in perfumes. The plant`s aerial parts however have an unpleasant smell.
2. In the recipe for rheumatic pain, Z uses "halila " for an ingredient he identifies as a Terminalia sp. Unclear what this is but may refer to the Persian name "balilah" for Terminalia bellerica.