Cyclamen persicum

Cyclamen persicum Miller

Primulaceae

  • Cyclamen
  • Persian Cyclamen
  • زعمطوط
  • زقوقيا
  • صابونة الراعي
  • sabunet el-ra'i
  • za'matut
  • zquqiya
  • רַקֶּפֶת מְצוּיָה
  • raqefet metzuya

Geophyte

  • Batha
  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Cyclamen persicum Miller

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cancer

Cancer

Anti-carcinogenic

1. Cut washed corm (see NOTES 1) into small pieces, boil in water, filter & drink x1 cup/day until recovery.
2. Add leaves (when in season) to boiling water for 3 min; fill leaves with rice & meat, cook & eat.

Corm, LeafB
Dermatological

Baldness

Hair restorer

Rub skin of scalp with wollen cloth until irritated, then rub with plant tuber.

TuberZ
Dermatological

Dermatitis

Anti-inflammatory

Extract juice from corm & apply to affected area x2/day until healed.

CormB
Dermatological

Dry skin

Emollient

Decoct 200 gm of leaves in 0.5 L water for 10 min & apply to affected area x3/day.

LeafB
Dermatological

Lichen planus (See NOTES 2)

Anti-inflammatory

Extract juice of corms & apply to affected area x2/day, morning & evenings until healed.

CormB
Dermatological

Skin inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Apply corm juice to affected skin x 2/day for 1 week.

CormB
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

1. Decoct corm in water & apply locally x3/day until healed. (B)
2. Crush corms, squeeze, knead + flour, shape into chickpea form & use as suppositary. (B)
3. Mix crushed tuber + cumin + "kamnon ha-anis" (or "yansun"), (Pimpinella anisum) & make into pills. (Admin. not described but probably used as suppository.) (Z)

Corm, TuberB, Z
General

Thirst quencher

Refrigerant

Use juice of stems bearing flowers (Admin. not specified.)

StemZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Arthritis

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Boil corms in water for 5 min, cool & apply to affected area x2/day for 1 week.

CormB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Sprain

Vulnery

Crush fresh tuber, apply to painful area & bandage.

TuberZ
Nervous System

Chronic headache

Analgesic

Mix dried, ground tuber + dry ground tobacco & use as snuff.

TuberZ
Respiratory

Respiratory congestion

Decongestant

Decoct corm & drink x1 cup/day until well

CormB
Respiratory

Shortness of breath (asthma)

Anti-asthmatic

Clean, peel & squeeze tubers to extract juice & inhale x2 drops into nose for 3 days.

CormB
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Scorpion & bee sting

Anti-venom

Rub stung area with fresh tuber.

TuberZ
Wound Healing

Abscess/ boils

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Extract juice from ground corms & apply to affected area x3/day for 3 days.

CormB
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

Extract juice from corm & apply to affected area x2/day for 3 days.

CormB

Other Uses

Cyclamen persicum Miller

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Industrial

Laundering

Cleaning product

Tuber used for laundry. (Preparation not specified.)

TuberZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Both corm and tuber are used in describing the part of Cyclamen used in these preparations. Both terms refer to underground storage units. A corm is a solid short, vertical, swollen underground stem base, round with a basal plate like a bulb, but flatter in appearance. It is used by some plants to survive adverse conditions e.g summer drought/ heat. A tuber is a short underground stem. Cyclamen grows from a round tuber that develops from the hypocotyl (stem of a seedling). It is often mistakenly called a corm.
2. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory/ immune-mediated disease affecting skin, nails, hair & mucous membranes with several causes. It appears as swelling & irritation on affected area.
3. Z notes that other Arabic names for Cyclamen include "sabun/ sabunat el-ra'I" ( shepherd's soap) & "bakur miriam" which is also used for frankincense.

Cyclamen genus contains species with toxic triterpene saponins. Small amounts (300mg) can cause diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting. Higher doses can cause asphyxiation.