Ecballium elaterium

Ecballium elaterium (L.) A.Rich.

Cucurbitaceae

  • Squirting Cucumber
  • فقوس أبو حمار
  • فقوس الحمار
  • فقوس الحمير
  • قتحة
  • قثاء الحمار
  • قثاء الحمير
  • faqus abu himar
  • faqus el-hamir
  • faqus himar
  • qatha
  • qitha el-hamir
  • qitha el-himar
  • יְרֹקֶת-חֲמוֹר מְצוּיָה
  • yeroqet-khamor metzuya

Hemicryptophyte

  • Disturbed habitats
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ecballium elaterium (L.) A.Rich.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Child Health

Wean babies

Weaning

Apply juice of leaves to nipples; the bitter taste causes baby to stop breastfeeding.

LeafZ
Dermatological

Erysipelas (skin infection)

Anti-Infective

Prepare compress of crushed leaves + "leben" (See NOTES). & apply topically

LeafZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

1.Extract juice from squeezed fruit & apply x1-2 drops into ear daily until healed. (B)
2. Apply fruit juice locally as eardrops. (Z)

FruitB, Z
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Sinusitis

Anti-Infective

Extract juice from squeezed fruit, apply x1 drop to each nostril & inhale.

FruitB
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Add few drops of fruit juice to dried fig & eat.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

1. Extract juice from squeezed fruit & apply for pain as needed using syringe. (B)
2. Peel fruits, cover with vaseline & use as suppositories daily until healed. (B)
3. Add few drops of fruit juice to glass of milk & drink. (May cause initial discomfort ("a hard condition") but which heals later.) (Z)

FruitB, Z
Gastrointestinal

Hepatitis

Anti-Infective, Hepatic

Use fruit juice as nose drops x1 drop to each nostril, after which large amount of yellow liquid escapes from nose & faeces become yellow.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Extract juice from squeezed fruit & apply x1-2 drops into nose (helps remove yellow colour from body).

FruitB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Diuretic

Diuretic

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 cups /day.

FlowerZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract stones

Anti-lithic

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 cups /day.

FlowerB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatic pain in muscles/ joints

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Use fruit juice and/or leaf juice to: 1. Massage painful area directly
2. Massage area after daily hot bath;
3. Use in steam bath.

Branch /twig, RootZ
Nervous system

Migraine

Analgesic

Decoct flowers & drink x2 cups /day as needed until recovery.

ExudateZ
Nervous System

Sleep inducer

Hypnotic

Decoct fruit & drink x1 tablespoon before sleeping.

ExudateZ
Oral Health

Toothache & tooth decay

Analgesic, Anti-caries

Squeeze juice from crushed leaves & fruit & gargle several times without swallowing.

ExudateZ

Other Uses

Ecballium elaterium (L.) A.Rich.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Cosmetic

Whiten freckles

Freckle remover

Extract juice from squeezed fruit & apply to face x 2/day for whitening effect. .

FruitB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1."Dropsy" is an old fashioned term used for an accumulation of excess fluid in tissues. It may be due to several causes including congestive heart failure.
2. "Leben" is a fermented milk widely used in the Middle East, used to produce yoghurt & buttermilk.
Ecballium elaterium fruit contains cucurbitacins associated with severe adverse reactions including acute rhinitis & edema of the uvular, soft palate & upper airway.