Lolium temulentum

Lolium temulentum L.

Poacea

  • Bearded Darnel
  • Darnel
  • Darnel Rye-grass
  • Poison Rye-grass
  • حشيشة الفرس
  • دنقة
  • دوسر
  • رويطة
  • زوان
  • زوان مسكر
  • شيلم
  • danaqeh
  • dawsar
  • hashishat al-faras
  • rwiteh
  • sheilam
  • zawan
  • zawan muskir
  • זוּן מְשַׁכֵּר
  • zon meshaker

Annual

  • Cultivated areas (weeds)
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Lolium temulentum L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Boils

Anti-Infective

Make poultice from plant grains cooked in little water & mashed; apply to boil after first opening with a lancet

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatism

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup as needed. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Fruit, LeafZ
Nervous system

Headache

Analgesic

Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup as needed. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

FruitZ
Opthalmic

Cataract

Visual health

Mix powdered grains + "joreisa" (pods of Onobrychis squamosa) + "habb el-kamh" (wheat grains) + "fadi" (crystallized sugar); apply to cloth soaked with milk from a woman nursing a female infant; apply milk drops to eye. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS)

LeafZ
Poisoning

Against poisoning; causes diarrhea & removes poisons from body

Antidote

Grate fruit & eat. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

FruitZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1.Lolium temulentum can be toxic due to its common (>80%) infection by an endophytic fungus (Neotyphodium genus ) which produces toxic alkaloids that cause drunken nausea & can be fatal if taken orally. The botanical / latin name, temulentus, "drunk," describes this condition.
2. Z notes in recipes used to treat poisoning that it causes diarrhea.