Myrtus communis

Myrtus communis L.

Myrtaceae

  • Myrtle
  • آس
  • ريحان
  • مرسين
  • ياس
  • as
  • marsin
  • reihan
  • yas
  • הדס מצוי
  • hadas matzuy

Phanerophyte shrub

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Myrtus communis L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Warts

Anti-Infective

1. Burn tip of a branch & apply to wart.
2. Grind leaves + "mastika" (mastix, gum from Pistacia lentiscus) + olive leaves + little salt; mix +olive oil & apply on & around wart.

FruitB
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes mellitus

Hypoglycemic

Cook leaves in water + leaves of olive + "feijan" (Ruta bracteosa) & drink.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

Cook leaves & stems in water & drink.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea & vomiting; also for children

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal, Anti-emetic

Cook leaves & seeds + "kammun busufa" (Ammodaucus leucotrichus) + inner layers of onion + egg with shell, filter & drink.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Mix leaves + "hundal" (unclear what this is). (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
General

Excessive perspiration

Anti-hydrotic

Decoct leaves & use filtrate to wash with.

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Diuretic

Diuretic

Prepare tea from leaves. (Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Men`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase virility

Aphrodisiac

Cook leaves & stems in water + "butum" (Pistacia atlantica) branches & drink.

Latex, LeafZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

Grind leaves, mix + vinegar, spread over cloth & apply to head.

LeafB
Opthalmic

Cataract

Visual health

Prepare infusion in water of Myrtus. (Plant Part not specified). Add grated "'afs" (gallnut, Galla halepensis, See NOTES 1) to infusion & apply liquid to eye.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Strengthen teeth & stop bleeding (from gums)

Anti-caries, Anti-gum disease

Cook leaves in water + rose leaves + grapevine branches + lentils & gargle.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

Chew fresh leaves.

Aerial parts, Fruit, LatexZ
Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

Cook myrtle seeds + dried almond shells + dried figs + "nabat" sugar + brown sugar + carob + mustard for a long time to obtain a jam; eat x1 teaspoon/day mornings.

FruitZ
Respiratory

Fever & cold

Anti-Infective, Anti-pyretic

Prepare tea from leaves. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Women`s Health

Dysmenorrhoea

Analgesic

Decoct leaf & stems & drink x1 cup as needed.

LatexZ
Women`s Health

Menstrual disturbances

Emmenagogue

Mix leaves + honey + cow's bile (See NOTES 2); prepare as tampon & insert vaginally.

LeafZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z notes that Ammodaucus leucotrichus (used with Myrtus communis for diarrhea & vomiting) is a N. African medicinal plant known in Morocco as "kammūn ṣūfī" ("woolly cumin").
2. Galla halepensis used with Myrtus communis for cataract is an excrescence or gallnut caused by the gall wasp (genus Cynips) on Oak species, especially Quercus infectoria.
3. Use of cow`s bile (or any animal part) in recipe for menstrual problems is not recommended.
Myrtus communis in high doses can cause diarrhea, nausea & vomiting. Essential oil contains cineole which in very high doses can lower blood pressure & cause circulation collapse & respiratory failure. Oil should not be applied to children`s face as it can trigger severe respiratory tract spasms.