Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander L.

Apocynaceae

  • Oleander
  • دفلى
  • dafla
  • הַרְדּוּף הַנְּחָלִים
  • harduf ha-nekhalim

Phanerophyte shrub

  • Humid habitats
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Nerium oleander L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Heart disease (including heart pain & strengthening heart).

Analgesic, Cardiac

1. Prepare infusion of leaves & drink.
2. Heart pain: prepare tea by cooking leaves in water & drink.
3. Strengthening Heart: decoct leaves in water, strain & drink 1 cup x3/day. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS).

SeedB
Dermatological

Dressing for skin infections caused by scabies/ pox/ measles/ pruritus/ blisters

Anti-Infective, Anti-pruritic

1. Decoct dried leaves (can add "qutran" = Pix liquida/coal tar) & apply mixture as dressing to skin.
2. For itching (pruritus): cook leaves in water & apply directly to skin.

Aerial parts LeafB
Dermatological

Eczema

Anti-inflammatory

Boil leaves, filter, cool & apply externally as ointment to affected area x3/day.

LeafB
Dermatological

Itchy skin

Anti-pruritic

Decoct leaves & apply filtrate as ointment x3/day until healed.

LeafB
Dermatological

Ringworm of scalp (Tinea capitis)

Anti-fungal

Apply latex to affected area.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Boil flowers in olive oil & spread on anus.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Burn branch in fire & apply externally to neck to cause a burn.

FruitZ
General

Scurvy

Anti-scorbutic

Prepare infusion of aerial parts & apply filtrate to affected areas as needed.

Fruit Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary retention

Deobstruent

Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup/day. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts, FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Arthritis (B) Rheumatic pain (general/ back/ knees/ legs) (Z)

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1.Cook leaves in water & apply locally to affected area. (Z)
2. Infuse white flowers in oil & apply locally. (Z)
3. Prepare infusion of plant leaves & apply filtrate externally to affected area for pain as needed. (B)

Fruit, RootZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Bone fracture

Vulnerary

Boil leaves in water & expose limb to steam in order to reset fracture.

Fruit, RootZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Gout

Anti-inflammatory, Uricolytic

Soak leaves in hot wate & use filtrate to massage affected area.

FruitZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

Burn dried leaves & inhale as incense. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

RootZ
Oral Health

Bleeding from mouth (? gums)

Anti-gum disease

Decoct leaves in water & drink. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial partsZ
Reproductive Health

Infertility

Fertility

Mix powdered leaves + cloves + "hilbeh" (Trigonella foenum-graecum); prepare as tampon & insert vaginally. (TOXIC see CAUTIONS.)

FruitZ
Women`s Health

Expel dead fetus by contracting uterine muscles.

Oxytocic

Burn leaves + Ferula asa-foetida & allow smoke to enter vagina.

Leaf, SeedB
Women`s Health

Induce abortion

Abortifacient

Decoct leaves & flowers. (Admin. not specified.) (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

SeedB
Women`s Health

Promote menstruation

Emmenagogue

Mix dried, ground leaves + honey & insert as tampon vaginally. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

LeafB
Wound Healing

Antiseptic for skin & wounds

Anti-septic

Boil flowers in water for 5 hr + little cooking salt, mix, cool & apply as salve to skin.

FlowerB
Wound healing

Bleeding wound

Haemostatic

Decoct leaves & wash affected area externally with filtrate.

FruitZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Z gives an example of the toxic effects of this plant when 3 cows died after eating its branches.

Nerium oleander is a toxic, poisonous plant & is not recomended particularly for oral use. Some of its compounds including oleandrin & oleandrigenin are cardiac glycosides which are toxic in large amounts. Toxic reactions include nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, colic, irregular heart rate, palor, cold extremities due to poor or irregular circulation. CNS effects include drowsiness, tremors, seizures, collapse, coma & death. Oleander sap (externally) can cause; skin irritations, severe eye inflammation, irritation & allergic reactions.