Pistacia lentiscus

Pistacia lentiscus L.

Anacardiaceae

  • Lentisque
  • Mastic Tree
  • المصطقرا
  • بطم
  • سريس
  • مصطكي
  • butm
  • butum
  • mustaka
  • mustaqra
  • saris
  • אֵלַת הַמַּסְטִיק
  • elat ha-mastiq

Tree

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Pistacia lentiscus L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Ringworm (Tinea)

Anti-fungal

Cook resin + tar (residue left after distilling coal tar) + bees' wax (Cera flava) + egg yolk + butter until paste; spread over affected area.

ResinZ
Dermatological

Warts

Anti-Infective

1. Crush resin + myrtle (Myrtus) + olive leaves + little salt + olive oil, mix & apply to warts. (Z)
2. Prepare infusion of leaves & drink x3/day. (B)

Leaf, ResinZ, B
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Worms in ear (see NOTES 1)

Anthelmintic

Warm resin over fire + apple or quince leaves; apply drops of liquid extract into ear.

ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

1.Chew & swallow 1-2 pieces of plant gum (chewed resin). (See NOTES
2.)
2. Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup as needed.

Leaf, ResinB
Gastrointestinal

Anal haemorrhage

Haemostatic

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Carminative & stomachic (improves appetite/ digestion/ relieves flatulence etc.)

Carminative, Stomachic

1. Decoct leaves in water, cool, filter & drink x1 cup after meals.
2. To stimulate appetite: add 1 spoonful of resin to 1 cup of water & drink (can also add Boswellia sp.).

Leaf, ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea & Dysentery (Z) Diarrhea (B)

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1. Cook leaves & stems in water & drink. (Z)
2. Cook resin in water + mint (Mentha sp.) & drink followed by drinking lemon juice. (Z)
3. Decoct stems & leaves, filter & drink 1 cup x3/day for 2 days. (B)

Leaf, Resin, StemZ, B
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Sprinkle leaves on surface of hot bath & sit in water for 30 min.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Heal liver

Hepatic

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Heartburn

Antacid

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Inflammation & swelling of intestines

Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Prepare infusion of leaves & drink x 3/day.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Stomach ulcer

Anti-ulcer

1. Prepare infusion of leaves & drink x3/day.
2. Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup as needed.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Vomiting

Anti-emetic

Grind resin + mint (Mentha sp.), cook in water & drink.

ResinZ
General

Swellings in body

Anti-hydropic

Melt resin, spread over cloth & bandage affected area.

ResinZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Cleanse urinary tract of sand/ stones

Anti-lithic

Cook resin in hot water for 30 min & drink.

ResinZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back & jaw pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Make compress/ poultice with resin & apply to painful area. (see NOTES
3.)

ResinZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Reset badly healed bone fracture

Vulnerary

Cook Dittrichia viscosa in water in closed pot + "feijan" (Ruta) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia sp.) + branches of "el-ghar" (Laurus) + "el-butum" (Pistacia atlantica) + "saris" (Pistacia lentiscus) + "sarw" (Cupressus sp.). Place affected area in steam for few minutes. When removed, bone fracture can be tapped lightly to reset it correctly.

Leaf, StemZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatism

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Add resin to Dorema ammoniacum in vinegar & heat mixture until it turns red; cool a little, spread on cloth & apply to painful area.

ResinZ
Oral Health

Teeth health

Anti-caries

Chew gum (resin). (See NOTES
2.)

ResinB
Oral Health

Teeth whitener

Dentifrice

Decoct bark & gargle x3/day.

BarkB
Respiratory

Chest pain with cold

Analgesic

Mix 20 gm ground fruits + 20 gm sugar & eat x I teaspoon/day.

FruitB
Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

Grind resin, cook + egg & eat.

ResinZ
Respiratory

Ease respiration in Tuberculosis

Pectoral

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Respiratory

Lung healing

Pectoral

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Surgical/ Trauma

Hernia

Hernia reduction

Dissolve resin in "'araq" (anise flavoured alcoholic drink/ liquor) + Boswellia sp., spread on cloth & tie well around abdomen.

ResinZ
Women`s Health

Activate foetal movement in the womb

Non-specific

1.Chew & swallow x1-2 pieces of plant gum (resin). (See NOTES 2).
2. Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup as needed.

Leaf, ResinB
Women`s Health

Uterine haemorrhage

Haemostatic

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ
Wound Healing

Wound healing

Vulnerary

Use resin. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

ResinZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. In the complaint of worms in the ear, a free-living nematode (genus Rhabditis) can infect the outer ear canal.
2. The ivory-coloured resin produced by Pistachia lentiscus, also known as "mastic" is at first liquid. On exposure to cold it hardens into drops or patties of hard, brittle, translucent resin. When chewed, resin softens becoming a white opaque gum. 3 .In several recipes a poultice or compress is used; a poultice is a soft moist mass of material (e.g. plant or flour) spread on cloth & placed over skin; a compres or fomentation is a folded cloth or pad soaked in a strong herbal solution & applied externally to the affected body part.