Bryonia cretica

Bryonia cretica subsp, dioica (Jacq.) Tutin

Cucurbitaceae Juss.

  • Bryonia dioica Jacq.
  • Cretan Bryony
  • بندورة الحية
  • عنب الحية
  • bandoret el-hayya
  • ‘inab el-hayya
  • דְּלַעַת-נָחָשׁ מְצוּיָה
  • dla'at nakhash metzuya

Hemicryptophyte, Climber

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Bryonia cretica subsp, dioica (Jacq.) Tutin

Activity / Interpretation Traditional

Parts Used

Wound Healing

Deep purulent skin lesions


Crush dried leaves, cook in oil & apply to affected area

Aerial partsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Byronia genus contains species whose roots are powerful laxatives, emetics & can cause severe skin irritation. All parts of plants & roots contain toxic cucurbitacins & are considered poisonous. They may cause abortion, anuria, blisters, colic collapse, convulsions, cramps, dermatosis, diarrhea, dizziness, emesis, nephrosis, neursis. Byronia species are likely unsafe at low doses while larger doses may cause fatal poisoning. Touching fresh bryonia can cause skin irritation. Eating berries can cause death.