Cupressus sempervirens

Cupressus sempervirens L.

Cupressaceae

  • Common Cypress
  • Italian Cypress
  • Mediterranean Cypress
  • Pencil Pine
  • Persian Cypress
  • Tuscan Cypress
  • سرو البحر المتوسط
  • سرو دائم الخضرة
  • سرو ناز
  • sarw da’im el-khudra
  • sarw el-bahr el-mutawassit
  • sarw naz
  • בְּרוֹשׁ מָצוּי
  • brosh matzuy

Tree

  •  Hard rock outcrops

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Cupressus sempervirens L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Eczema

Anti-inflammatory

Apply powder of dried, crushed leaves to lesion.

LeafZ
Dermatological

Haematoma / haemorrhage

Haemostatic, Vulnerary

Apply powder of dried, crushed leaves to lesion.

LeafZ
Dermatological

Herpes zoster

Anti-herpetic

Apply powder of dried, crushed leaves to lesion.

LeafZ
Dermatological

Ringworm & eczema

Anti-fungal, Anti-inflammatory

Prepare plaster /compress from mashed fresh fruit. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes

Hypoglycemic

Prepare a "coffee" drink from dried, roasted fruit & drink.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea / dysentery / digestive tract inflammation

Anti-Infective, Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent

1.Grind 10 fresh green cones into small particles, boil in approx. 3 cups of water for 15 min; cool, filter through gauze or flannel cloth & drink hot 1 cup x2/day morning & evening + 2 teaspoons sugar (if too bitter).
2. Cook branch tips in water & drink.
3.Cook cones in water & drink.

Branch /twig, ConeZ
Infectious Diseases

Leprosy

Anti-Infective

Apply powder of dried, crushed leaves to lesion.

LeafZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney disease

Renal

Prepare a "coffee" drink from dried, roasted fruit & drink.

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal

Repair poorly healed bone fracture

Vulnerary

Boil in closed pot branch tips of "sarw" (Cupressus sp. ) + "tayun" (Dittrichia� viscosa) + "feijan" (Ruta chalepensis) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa) + "el-jar" (Laurus nobilis) +" el-butum" (Pistacia atlantica) +" saris" (Pistacia lentiscus); place broken limb over steam for a few moments, then rebreak bone by tapping it lightly.

Branch /twigZ
Musculoskeletal/ joints

Rheumatism

Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Cook branch tips in covered pot; patient stands in a loose gown over the pot for as long as possibe & then rests in bed away from cold.

Branch /twigZ
Oral health

Toothache & repair spoiled/ rotten teeth

Analgesic, Anti-caries

1. Cook cones + Cinchona bark + "shabba" (alum, usually hydrated double sulfate salt) + vinegar; gargle every morning. (Z)
2.Toothache only: decoct fruit & rinse mouth with decoction. (B)

Cone, FruitZ, B
Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

Prepare incense of dried leaves & fruits. (Admin. not specified.)

Fruit /LeafZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

The cones/ fruit of Cupressus sempervirens contain essential oils including α- pinene, α-terpinene, thymol & terpinolene. Leaves contain phenolic compounds including rutin, quercetin, myricitrin, p-coumaric acid etc which can be toxic. Large doses may irritate the kidneys. Has been reported as causing abortion & death in cattle grazing on foliage etc.