Dioscorea communis

Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin


  • Tamus communis L.
  • Black Bryony
  • Lady's-seal
  • جرمع
  • jarmu'
  • טָמוּס מָצוּי
  • tamus matzuy

Geophytes, Vines

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin

Activity / Interpretation Traditional

Parts Used

Endocrine/ Metabolic



Extract fruit juice & drink x1 cup/day in morning.


The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Dioscorea communis contains oxalate mainly in the fruit & should be avoided in patients with kidney/bile stones. Also contains steroidal saponines (dioscin & gracillin) & large doses may be emetic. Dioscorea genus has some species which may contain pyrridinal alkaloids (dioscorin) leading to a picrotoxin-like poisoning affecting the Central Nervous System causing seizures & respiratory paralysis in high enough doses. Not advised in pregnacy.