Dittrichia viscosa

Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter

Asteraceae (Compositae)

  • Inula viscosa (L.) Desf.
  • Clammy Inula
  • False Yellowhead
  • Sticky Fleabane
  • Strong-smelling Inula
  • Woody Fleabane
  • Yellow Fleabane
  • طيون
  • عرق الطيون
  • `irq al-tayoun
  • tayoun
  • טַיּוּן דָּבִיק
  • tayun daviq

Chamaephyte

  • Disturbed habitats
  • Humid habitats
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Eczema & Tinea infection ( Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin )

Anti-fungal, Anti-inflammatory

Prepare poultice from crushed green leaves & apply.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1. Cook fresh plant in water & drink.
2. Extract juice from fresh plant, add to "araq" (anise liquor) & drink.

Aerial partsZ
General

Induce perspiration & lower fever

Anti-pyretic, Diaphoretic

Prepare juice from crushed leaves + Oxalis sp. leaves & drink.

LeafZ
General

Oedema; "zalal"

Anti-hydropic

Cook plant in water in closed pot + "rand" (Laurus sp.) (See NOTES 2) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa ) + "feijan" (Ruta sp.). Patient dressed in loose gown stands over the rising steam as long as possible then goes to bed & keeps warm.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Reset badly healed bone fracture

Vulnerary

Cook plant in water in closed pot + "feijan" (Ruta) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa ) + branches of "el-ghar" (Laurus sp.) + "el-butum" (Pistacia atlantica) + "saris" (Pistacia lentiscus) + "sarw" (Cupressus sp.). Place affected limb in steam for few minutes. When removed, bone fracture can be lightly tapped to reset correctly.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatic pain in back/legs /arms & muscles

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Decoct whole plant (aerial parts +root) in water & add to hot bath; bathe body or affected area.
2. Boil root in olive oil + "qizha" (Nigella sp.) + "feijan" (Ruta sp.) leaves & massage painful areas.
3. Cook aerial parts in water in closed pot alone or + olive branches + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa ) + "shirsh el-'aqul" (Alhagi maurorum) + "shabba" (alum; hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium ). Patient in loose fitting gown stands over steam for some time, then goes to bed to keep warm. (See NOTES & CAUTION 2)

1.Whole plant (aerial parts + root ) 2. Root alone 3. Aerial parts aloneZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

Chew fresh leaves to alleviate pain.

LeafB
Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

Boil whole plant (aerial parts + root) in water & inhale steam x1/day or as needed.

Whole plant (? aerial parts + root)Z
Respiratory

Influenza/ runny nose, cough

Anti-Infective, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-tussive

Boil whole plant (aerial parts + root) in water & inhale steam x1/day or as needed.

Whole plant (? aerial parts + root)Z
Women`s Health

Postpartum inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Boil roots in water until viscous & apply as poultice to affected area.

RootB
Women`s Health

Prevent pregnancy

Contraceptive

Prepare hot bath using plant & stand over steam for few minutes on last day of period. Afterwards, eat mixture of "bu'ithran" (Teucrium polium) (See NOTES 3) + cloves (Eugenia sp.) + honey for 3 days.

Aerial partsZ
Women`s Health

Renew (promote) menstrual flow

Emmenagogue

Decoct plant (part unspecified) +"feijan" (Ruta sp.) + olive buds & use in a steam bath.

Not specifiedZ
Women`s Health

Vaginal inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Decoct whole plant (aerial parts + root) in water in closed pot & either: 1. Sit over steam or
2. Add decoction to bath and sit in it for 30 min.

Whole plant (? aerial parts + root)Z
Wound Healing

Extract pus from purulent wound

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Prepare powder of dried leaves & apply to wound.

LeafZ
Wound Healing

Inflammed burn

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Prepare infusion of aerial parts & apply to affected skin.

Aerial partsB
Wound healing

Stop bleeding from a fresh wound

Haemostatic

Apply dried powdered leaves to wound.

LeafZ
Wound Healing

Wound treatment & prevent infection

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

1.Powder dried leaves & apply to wound.
2. Extract juice from fresh plant & apply to wound.

Leaf. Aerial partsZ

Other Uses

Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Veterinary

Flatulence in animals

Carminative

Decoct leaves, filter & add to drinking water of animals (sheep, cows, goats, donkeys).

LeafB
Veterinary

Improves appetite in animals

Stomachic

Decoct leaves, filter & add to animal`s drinking water.

LeafB
Veterinary

Respiratory problems in animals

Anti-Infective

Decoct leaves, filter & add to animal`s drinking water.

LeafB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z mentions that treatment for rheumatic pain with this species is forbidden for women as it may cause sterility.
2. In the recipe for oedema Z uses another arabic name, "rand" for Laurus sp. He also refers to this tree as "el ghar" or "ghar"
3. In the recipe for preventing preganacy, Z notes that one of the ingredients is "bu'eithran" which he identifies as Teucrium polium (a synonym of Teucrium capitum). However this is not the common Arabic name for this species which is known as "jada". Thecommon Arabic name for Artemesia judaica however is "b'eithran"

1. Dittrichia genus contain species with sesquiterpene lactones & cause contact allergic skin conditions. Oral use may cause diarrhea, vomiting , spasm & paralysis. Can interfere with drugs for diabetes & hypertension. Contraindiacted in pregancy & nursing mothers.
2. Z mentions that treatment for rheumatic pain with this species is forbidden for women as it may cause sterility!