Ficus carica

Ficus carica L.

Moraceae

  • Fig
  • Fig Tree
  • تين
  • teen
  • פִיקוּס הַתְּאֵנָה
  • fiqus ha-te'ena

Tree

  • Disturbed habitats
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ficus carica L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Baldness

Hair restorer

Prepare compress of leaves; wet in "qutran" (Pix liquida liquid tar is a dry distillation of various pine woods). (Admin. not specified.)

Fruit, Leaf, RootZ
Dermatological

Eczema

Anti-inflammatory

Use latex.(Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Dermatological

Mycosis (fungal infection)

Anti-fungal

Obtain latex/ juice by squeezing fresh plant parts & unripe fruit & apply to skin.

LeafZ
Dermatological

Psoriasis

Anti-inflammatory

Obtain latex/ juice by squeezing fresh plant parts & unripe fruit; use it to make a dough with barley flour & apply as compress.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Scabies

Scabicide

Obtain latex /juice by squeezing fresh plant parts & unripe fruit; use it to make a dough with barley flour & apply as compress.

RootB
Dermatological, Ritual /Ceremonial

Warts

Anti-Infective

1. Spread latex from fresh plant & unripe fruit onto wart.(Z)
2. Squeeze milky sap secreted from stem & apply to affected area; repeat daily until improvement. (B)
3. Ritual /Ceremonial use: Make cuts on fresh twig equal to the number of a patient`s warts; leave twig to dry; when it dries the warts will disappear. (Z)

Aerial partsZ
Endocrine/Metabolic

High cholesterol

Hypocholesterolemic

Decoct leaves & drink 3 cups x 2/day.

Aerial parts, InflorescenceZ
Gastrointestinal

Aid digestion

Stomachic

Eat (dried) fruit

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Chronic constipation/ regulate bowel movements

Laxative

1. Eat (dried) fruit alone
2. Eat dried fruit + juice of one of the following plants dripped onto it: (i)"mahmoudiya" (Convolvulus scammonia), or (ii) "halablub" (Euphorbia sp.), or (iii) "faqus himar" (Ecballium elaterium), or (iv) carob honey (Ceratonia siliqua) + cow`s milk.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Chronic stomach ache

Carminative

Mix dried, powdered leaves + boiled honey + soft-boiled egg & eat mornings.

(Z) Leaf & stem (B), Aerial partsZ, B
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Eat fruit.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

Boil dried fruit in water & drink x3 cups /day.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Diuretic

Diuretic

Decoct dried fruit & drink all day instead of water.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones

Anti-lithic

Decoct leaves & drink 1 cup x /2day.

LeafZ
Opthalmic

Eye disease

Non-specific

Massage eyes with fig leaves (See CAUTIONS), then spread almond oil & a compress of chamomile flowers.

Aerial parts, InflorescenceZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

1. Apply latex (milky fluid) from unripe fruit onto tooth.
2. Boil leaves in vinegar, cool & gargle after eating or as needed.

Z
Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

Decoct leaves & drink 2 cups x2/day.

Aerial partsB
Respiratory

Cough/ soften throat

Anti-tussive, Demulcent

1. Decoct dried fruit in water & drink x3 cups/day.
2. Cook dried figs in water + inflorescence of "balasan" (Sambucus nigra) & drink the water.

LeafZ
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Scorpion sting

Anti-venom

Obtain latex/ juice by squeezing fresh plant parts & unripe fruit & apply to sting.

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Exhaust (stop) menstrual flow

Emmenagogue

Decoct dried fruit in water & drink 1 full glass x3/day.

Aerial partsZ
Women`s Health

Induce abortion

Abortifacient

Decoct dried fruit in water & drink x1 full glass of decoction while sitting in hot bath for 15 min.

LeafB
Women`s Health

Stop uterine haemorrhage

Haemostatic

Heat powdered dried fruit in oven, wrap in gauze to make vaginal suppository & insert.

LeafB
Wound Healing

Burn from sun or fire

Vulnerary

Mix latex of unripe fruit + barley flour & apply to burned area.

Inflorescence, LeafZ
Wound Healing

Soften & open a closed lesion/ open & dry-up a suppurative lesion

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

1. Apply leaves as compress on closed lesion to soften & open it.
2. Spread fig honey (or date honey) over suppurative wound (to open & dry it up).

Aerial partsZ

Other Uses

Ficus carica L.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Cosmetic

Dye hair black

Dye

Cook leaves of black figs + black mulberries + vine leaves & use to wash hair.

FruitZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

The latex is a milky juice which is part of the sap, & is a natural sticky polymer exuding from different plant parts containing various phytochemicals etc.

The latex (milky exudate) of Ficus carica can cause conjunctivitis if in contact with eyes & phytophotodermatitis, a potentially serious skin inflammation after exposed to ultraviolet light. Psoralens in figs in very high doses is reported to cause photodermatitis in preganacy.