Glycyrrhiza glabra

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.

Leguminosae / Fabaceae (=Papilionaceae )

  • Liquorice
  • سوس
  • عرق السوس
  • `irq el-sus
  • sus
  • שׁוּשׁ קֵרֵחַ
  • shush qereakh

Phanerophyte shrub

  • Humid habitats

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Hypertension

Hypotensive

1. Decoct ground roots & drink x1-2 cups /day.
2. Grind roots & eat x1 teaspoon /day. Do not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS.)

RootZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Expectorant for cough & sinus inflammation (especially infants & children).

Expectorant

Soak root in cold water & drink water.

LeafB
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Throat inflammation

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

Boil ½ teaspoon ground roots in 1 cup water for 5 min & drink x2/day. Do not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS.)

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

1. Boil 40 gm roots in water + 40 gm sulfur + 40 gm senna (Senna alexandrina), sweeten + sugar & drink x1 tablespoon evenings as needed.
2. Boil 40gm roots in water + 40 gm senna (Senna alexandrina), filter, sweeten + sugar & drink 1 teaspoon/day as needed.
3. Soak stems in hot water, filter, sweeten + sugar & drink x1 cup/day as needed.
4. Mix equal amounts of licorice seeds + seeds of senna (Senna alexandrina), anise (Anisum vulgare ), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare); add x1 teaspoon of mixture to 1 cup boiling water & drink multiple doses as needed. Do not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS).

RootZ
Gastrointestinal

Induce vomiting

Emetic

Prepare concentrated extract from root & rhizome & drink.

RootsB
Gastrointestinal

Liver problems

Hepatic

Boil 1 teaspoon ground roots in 1 cup water for 10 min, drink x2/day for 3 days. Do NOT exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS)

RootZ
Gastrointestinal

Safe laxative in pregnancy

Laxative

Use root. Can also add aloe & "sanamakki" (Senna alexandrina). (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

RootZ
Gastrointestinal

Stomach ache

Carminative

Cook root in water & eat.

RootZ
Gastrointestinal

Stomach acidity

Antacid

1. Chew root.
2. Suck candy made from root.

LeafZ
General

Internal inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Soak root in water for few days & drink x4 glasses /day.

RootZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones

Anti-lithic

Decoct ground roots & drink x1 cup/day as needed. Do not exceed suggested dose. (See CAUTIONS.)

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary retention

Deobstruent

Decoct ground roots & drink x1-2 cups/day.

LeafB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection

Anti-Infective

Boil ground roots in water & drink 1 cup x 2-3/day. Can add equal quantity of fennel. Do Not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS).

RootZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Arthritis

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Grind ½ teaspoon of roots, boil in water & drink 1 cup x2/day. Do not exceed suggested dose. (See CAUTIONS.)

LeafZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

Soak root in water for few days & drink as needed.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Bad breath

Mouth wash

Chew root after eating.

LeafB
Oral Health

Cracked lips

Lubricant

Simmer 200 gm leaves in 1L water for 20 min, stand 15 min, filter & apply to cracked lips x2/day. Do not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS.)

LeafZ
Oral Health

Gingivitis

Anti-gum disease

1. Simmer 200 gm roots in 1 L of water for 20 min, leave 15 min, filter & drink as needed.
2. Use above as mouth rinse x2/day. Do Not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS.)

RootB
Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

Boil x3 tablespoons dried roots in 3 cups water for 5 mins & drink 1 cup x2/day. Do not exceed suggested dose. (See CAUTIONS.)

LeafZ
Respiratory

Cough, colds & soften throat

Anti-Infective, Anti-tussive, Demulcent

1. Soak root in water for few days, filter & drink x3 glasses/day. (Z)
2. Soak root in water + carob fruit (Ceratonia siliqua) & drink the water. (Z)
3. Prepare from root a thick juice or jam (+ other fruits) & drink or suck. (Z)
4. Cough only: Boil 1 teaspoon ground roots in water for 10 min, drink x2/day for 3 days. (B) Do not exceed suggested dose (See CAUTIONS.).

Branch /twigB
Smoking

Improve tobacco taste

Cigarette

Add powdered root to tobacco.

LeafB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Do not exceed dose given in these recipes. Glycyrrhiza glabra contains estragole & glycyrrhizin that induce mineralocorticoid effects (lower K, retention Na & water), causing hypertension, oedema, congestive heart failure etc. Contraindicated in premenstrual syndrome, pregnancy, liver & renal disease. Exceeding dose can be dangerous. Excessive quantities may cause symptoms that include headache, sluggishness etc. Can also potentiate the effect of various drugs including diuretics, cardiac medication, laxatives, cortisol etc.