Origanum syriacum

Origanum syriacum L

Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

  • Majorana syriaca (L.) Kostel. Majorana syriaca (L.) Raf. Majorana syriaca (L.) Feinbrun
  • Biblical Hyssop
  • Syrain Oregano
  • Wild Majoran
  • زعتر
  • زعتر بري
  • سعتر
  • صعتر
  • sa'tar
  • za'tar
  • za'tar barri
  • אֵזוֹב מָצוּי
  • ezov matzuy

Chamaephyte

  • Batha
  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
  • Phrygana
  •  Hard rock outcrops
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Origanum syriacum L

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Ageing

Forgetfulness

Nootropic

1.Eat leaves + olive oil.
2. Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup /day.
3. Grind dry leaves, mix + sesame + oilve oil & add mixture to flour; prepare dough as pastry & eat.

LeafB
Cancer

Cancer

Anti-carcinogenic

1.Decoct aerial parts & drink x 2 /day until recovery.
2. Decoct aerial parts + mint (Mentha spicata) & drink x1 cup/day until recovery.
3. Add ground leaves to flour, prepare dough as pastry & eat when available.

LeafZ
Cardiovascular

Heart disease

Cardiac

Decoct leaves & drink x1-2 cups/day as needed.

FruitZ
Cardiovascular

Heart pain & swelling of legs/ body (? Heart failure)

Analgesic, Cardiac, Diuretic

Prepare tea from leaves/ non-woody parts of stems + rosemary + sage. (Admin. not specified.)

LeafB
Dermatological

Scabies

Scabicide

Crush fresh aerial parts & rub over affected area.

LeafB
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

Mix leaves / non-woody parts of stems + Ruta sp. + olive oil & apply as drops to ear.

Fruit, LeafB, Z
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Throat inflammation

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

Soak leaves in boiling water & drink 1 cup x2/day for 3 days.

Branch /twig, Fruit, LeafB
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Obesity

Anti-obesity

1. Mix aerial parts + equal amounts rosmary (Rosmarinus officinalis) + silver nail root (Paronychia argentia) + lady`s mantle (Alchemilla xanthochlora); boil in water for 2 min & drink x1-2 cups/day.
2. Decoct aerial parts & drink 1 cup x2/day.

Branch /twigZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain/ stomach ache

Carminative

1. Decoct leaves & drink x1-2 cups /day as needed.
2. Decoct aerial parts + mint (Mentha sp.) & drink x1 cup when needed.
3. Mix leaves + leaves of; chamomile (Matricaria recutita) + aniseed (Anisum vulgare) + cumin (Cuminum cyminum) + sorghum (Sorghum bicolor )+ roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) + sage (Salvia fruticosa)+ dill (Anethum graveolens); add small amount of this mixture to boiled water & drink x1-2 cups/day.
4.Prepare infusion of aerial parts & drink x 2-3 cups/day (+honey as required).

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Decoct leaves & drink x1-2 cups/day as needed.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Dysentery

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1. This recipe is in 2 parts A & B: A. Grind aerial parts of plant & eat. B. After eat a hardboiled egg.
2. Cook overground parts of plant + Rhus fruits & eat.

Aerial partsB
Gastrointestinal

Pain, spasms of digestive tract

Anti-spasmodic, Carminative

1. Decoct leaves & drink x3 cups/day.
2. Mix leaves & non-woody parts of stems + Salvia sp. + Matricaria sp. + Rosmarinus sp. (Preperation not specified); drink the mixture.
3. Cook leaves & non-wody parts of stems in water & drink.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Stomach ulcer

Anti-ulcer

Decoct aerial parts + oak bark (Quercus calliprinos) + fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) + anise (Anisum vulgare ) + black cumin (Nigella ciliaris); drink 1 cup x3/day.

LeafB
General

Fever

Anti-pyretic

Decoct leaves & drink 1 cup x3/day until well.

FruitB
General

Oedema

Anti-hydropic

Decoct leaves in water & drink instead of water for 40 days.

LeafB
Helminth infections

Intestinal worms

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Mix 2 teaspoons flowers + 3 teaspoons thyme oil & take small amount (equall to a Chickpea seed) x3/day for 1 week.
2. Prepare infusion of aerial parts & drink x1-2 cups/day.

LeafZ
Infectious Diseases

Herpes infection

Anti-herpetic

Crush fresh aerial parts & rub over affected area.

Fruit, LeafB, Z
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Diuretic

Diuretic

Cook leaves & non-woody parts of stems in water & drink.

SeedZ, B
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection

Anti-Infective

Boil aerial parts in water for 10 min, filter & drink 1 cup x3 /day for 3 days.

SeedZ
Mental Health

Depression

Anti-depressant

1. Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup before bed.
2. Decoct aerial parts + mint & drink x1 cup when needed.

SeedZ
Mental Health

Insanity & as a tranquilizer

Anti-psychotic, Sedative

Mix leaves & non-woody parts of stems + almonds (Prunus amygdalus) + passulae (type of raisin i.e.Vitis vinifera) + walnut (Juglans sp.) + garlic (Allium sativum) + Nigella sp. + Cinnamon + Piper nigrum + sesamum + olive oil. (Further details Preparation/Admin. not specified.)

SeedB
Men`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase virility

Aphrodisiac

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 cups /day.

SeedZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Arthritis

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Decoct aerial parts in water for 10 min, filter & drink 1 cup x3 /day as needed.

SeedZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Muscle spasm

Anti-spasmodic, Muscle relaxant

Mix aerial parts + oils of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) + clove (Syzygium aromaticum); place on cloth & apply to affected area x1-2 /day.

SeedZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

1. Mix leaves & non-woody parts of stems + Ruta sp. + olive oil & apply to ear.(Z)
2. Prepare extract/infusion of leaves & non-woody parts of stems & apply to ear. (Z)
3. Decoct aerial parts + mint (Mentha spicata) & drink x1 cup and/or inhale the steam. (B)

SeedZ
Opthalmic

Eye inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

1. Add 1 teaspoon ground, dried leaves to 1 cup water; add piece of radish to solution & rub mixture over affected eye hourly until relief.
2. Boil flowers in water & expose affected eye to vapour x1/day until healed. .

SeedZ
Oral Health

Gingivitis

Anti-gum disease

1. Decoct aerial parts & drink x 1 cup as needed.
2. Decoct leaves & use as mouth wash x1-2/day.

SeedZ
Oral Health

Tooth pain

Analgesic

1. Decoct flowers & drink x3/day.(B)
2. Decoct plant leaves & use as mouth wash x1-2 /day. (B)
3. Decoct aerial parts & drink x 1 cup as needed. (B)
4. Chew fresh aerial parts. (Z)
5. Cook aerial parts + vinegar + cumin + olive oil & apply to tooth.

SeedB
Respiratory

Allergic cough

Anti-allergy, Anti-tussive

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 cups/day or x1 large cup as needed.

SeedZ
Respiratory

Asthma

Anti-asthmatic

Decoct leaves in water & drink x3 cups/day or x1 large cup as needed.

SeedZ
Respiratory

Breathing difficulties

Anti-asthmatic

Soak leaves in boiling water & use steam as inhalation x3 /day.

LeafB
Respiratory

Chest pain (with cough)

Analgesic

Soak aerial parts in boiling water & drink x1 cup/day until recovery.

SeedZ
Respiratory

Common cold

Anti-Infective

1. Prepare infusion of aerial parts & drink x2-3 cups/day (+ honey as required). (B)
2. Decoct leaves in water & drink x2 cups/day. (Z)

SeedZ
Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

1. Decoct leaves in water, leave 10 min & drink x2-3 cups/day for 5 days.
2. Decoct in water mixture of leaves +black cumin (Nigella ciliaris)+ chamomile (Matricaria recutita)+ aniseed (Anisum vulgare) +cumin (Cuminum cyminum) + sage (Salvia fruticosa) + dill (Anethum graveolens); drink 1-2 cups x3/day.
3. Decoct leaves & drink x1-2 cups/day as needed.
4. Boil leaves + dried fig fruits for 5 min, filter & drink 1 cup x2/day for 3 days.
5. Prepare infusion of leaves & drink x2-3 cups/day (+honey as required).

SeedZ
Respiratory

Influenza

Anti-Infective

1. Decoct leaves &/or aerial parts, leave 10 min & drink x1 cup/day for 2 days or 2-3 cups day for 5 days or (with aerial parts) 1 cup x 3/day.
2. Boil leaves + dried fig fruits (Ficus carica) for 5 min, filter & drink 1 cup x2/day for 3 days.
3. Boil aerial parts in water + chamomile (Matricaria recutita) + anise (Anisum vulgare) + cumin (Cuminum cyminum) +black cumin (Nigella ciliaris) + sage (Salvia fruticosa) + dill (Anethum graveolens); drink 1-2 cups x3/day.
4. Decoct aerial parts + chamomile (Maticaria aurea) & drink 1 cup x2/day for a week.
5. Prepare infusion of aerial parts & drink x2-3 cups/day (+honey as required).
6. Decoct aerial parts + lion's Foot (Alchemilla xanthochlora) + rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) & drink x1-2 cups/day.

SeedZ
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Dog bite

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Mix plant + salt + mashed onion & apply to bite.

SeedZ
Women`s Health

Antiseptic for female genitalia

Anti-septic

Mix leaves & non-woody parts of stems + Ruta sp. + Pelargonium sp. + Rosmarinus sp. + Curcuma + salt. (Admin. not specified.)

SeedZ
Women`s Health

Cracked nipples

Emollient

Boil ½ kg leaves in 1L water & use topically in bathing x1/day.

SeedZ
Women`s Health

Ease labour pains

Analgesic, Tocolytic

1. Prepare tea from leaves & non-woody parts of stems & drink.
2. Cook leaves & non-woody parts of stems in water & drink.

SeedZ
Wound Healing

Wound antiseptic

Anti-septic

Grind leaves to fine powder & apply to wound.

SeedZ

Other Uses

Origanum syriacum L

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Culinary

Condiment in cooking

Nutritive, Seasoning

Preparation/ Admin. not specified. (See NOTES)

FruitZ
Veterinary

Appetizer for animals

Stomachic

Decoct aerial parts in water, filter & add to animals drinking water (cows, sheep, goats etc).

SeedZ
Veterinary

Flatulence in animals

Carminative

Boil aerial parts in water, filter & add to animals drinking water (cows, sheep, goats etc).

SeedZ
Veterinary

Respiratory problems in animals

Anti-Infective

Boil aerial parts in water, filter & add to animals drinking water (cows, sheep, goats etc).

SeedZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Ground leaves & stems of Origanum syriaca are commonly used as a seasoning in cooking.