Peganum harmala

Peganum harmala L.

Nitrariaceae

  • African Rue
  • Harmala
  • Syrian Rue
  • Wild Rue
  • حرمل
  • حرمليان
  • خييش
  • harmal / hirmil
  • harmalIyan
  • khiyeish
  • שַׁבָּר לָבָן
  • shabar lavan

Hemicryptophyte

  • Shrub-steppes
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Peganum harmala L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Strengthen heart/ regulate cardiac function/ relieve chest pain

Analgesic, Cardiac

1. Decoct whole plant & drink.
2. Mix seeds + Nigella sativa seeds, boil in water & drink 1 small cup x3/day (morning, noon, evening).

RootZ
Dermatological

Skin swelling & redness

Anti-inflammatory

Burn dried plant & steep ashes in grape vinegar overnight, stir & apply to swollen skin.

LeafB
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes mellitus

Hypoglycemic

1. Decoct whole plant & drink.
2. Decoct seeds in water + Nigella sativa seeds & drink.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal gas

Carminative

Grind seeds, mix + powders of Asparagus seeds + ginger root + Pimpinella fruits + honey & eat x1 teaspoon mornings.

RootB
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

1. Cook x2 small teaspoons of leaves in water & drink.
2. Roast seeds in fire & inhale smoke.

Aerial partsB
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Cook leaves & seeds in water & drink.

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Dysentery

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

Cook seeds in water + Ononis pubescens & drink.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Increase appetite

Stomachic

Use seeds 1 yr after harvesting. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

1. Grind seeds into powder, mix + oil, warm mixture & spread over face in evening. Next morning wash face with soap.
2. Steep seeds in water overnight, filter & drink. Avoid eating eggs, meat and fat.

LeafZ
General

Strengthen body

Tonic

1. Decoct whole plant & drink.
2. Decoct in water seeds + Nigella sativa seeds & drink 1 small cup x3/day (morning, noon, evening).

Flower, LeafZ
Haematology

Clean blood

Blood purifier

Use seeds 1yr after harvesting. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

Aerial partsB
Infectious Diseases

Tuberculosis

Anti-tubercular

Drink Cinnamomum cassia cooked in water or make a burn with red hot wire over painful lung. Then grind Paganum seeds & eat x1 teaspoon + soft boiled egg.

Fruit, RootB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Aid urination,

Deobstruent, Diuretic

Use seeds 1yr after harvesting. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified).

RootB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones

Anti-lithic

Grind roasted seeds & eat ½ teaspoon x2/day until recovery.

FruitB
Mental Health

Depression

Anti-depressant

1. Roast seeds & leaves in fire & inhale smoke.
2. Prepare infusion of seeds & leaves in water & drink.

RootB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Arthritis prevention

Anti-arthritic

Grind seeds & eat ½ tablespoon x 2/day.

RootB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Joint inflammation/ rheumatic pain (Z, B). Lumbago (lower back pain) (Z)

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Cook seeds (in some preparations 1 yr after harvesting) in water in sealed vessel; patient, wearing wide gown stands over steam as long as possible, then goes to bed away from cold. (Z)
2. Crush aerial parts into fine powder, mix + olive oil + "samna" (clarified butter similar to "ghee") & heat over low fire to make homogenous paste; spread over painful, inflammed area for 4 days. (Z)
3. Burn dried aerial parts or mix (before burning) + Dittrichia viscosa or Rosmarinus officinalis (gives better results); allow smoke to flow over painful area. Inhaling the smoke improves & quickens healing. (Z)
4. Prepare infusion of leaves & seeds & drink. (Z)
5. Mix 10 gm seeds + 250 gm black cumin (Nigella sativa) seeds + 50 gm chrysanthemum + 10 gm of each of following; senna (Senna alexandrina) + cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)+ rosmary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis )+ mahaleb cherry (Prunus mahaleb )+ almonds (Prunis dulcus) + 800 gm honey. Eat 1 teaspoon of mixture x 2/day after breakfast & dinner for 10 days. (B) (See CAUTIONS)

SeedZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Joint pain/ rheumatism

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

Mix 10 gm seeds + 250 gm black cumin (Nigella sativa) seeds + 50 gm chrysanthemum & 10 gm of each of following; senna (Senna alexandrina) + cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) + rosmary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis)+ mahaleb cherry (Prunus mahaleb ) + almonds (Prunis dulcus) + 800 gm honey. Eat 1 teaspoon x 2/day after breakfast & dinner for 10 days. (See CAUTIONS)

FruitZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

1. Roast seeds (in some preparations 1 year after harvesting) & leaves in fire & inhale smoke.
2. Prepare infusion of leaves & seeds in water & drink.
3. For severe headache (migraine): boil dried seeds in water + olive oil & spread on head.

FruitZ
Opthalmic

Eye inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Use seeds 1 yr after harvesting. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

Not specifiedZ
Opthalmic

Strengthen weak vision

Visual health

Grate seeds, mix + olive oil & apply to eyes.

LeafB
Respiratory

Asthma; as expectorant & for cough

Anti-tussive, Expectorant

1. Use seeds 1 year after harvesting, mix + honey or honey + saffron & eat.
2. Asthma with cough: crush dried seeds into fine powder, mix + egg yolk, heat over fire & eat.

LeafB
Ritual /Ceremonial

Against the evil eye

Ritual

1. Roast seeds in fire & listen to the sound of seeds exploding.
2. Inhale smoke of roasted seeds.

LeafB
Women`s Health

Ovarian atrophy & to strengthen ovaries

Alterative

Mix equal amounts of leaves + lady`s mantle (Alchemilla xanthochlora) leaves + flaxseed (Linum maritimum); sieve mixture & prepare infusion by adding 1 teaspoon mixture to 1 cup hot water + 1 teaspoon honey; steep 10 min & drink x1 cup at night before menstruation & 12 days after menstruation.

Aerial partsZ
Wound Healing

Extract pus from skin lesion/wound

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Grind leaf & seed + onion, mix + honey & spread over lesion.

Aerial partsZ
Wound Healing

Treat various lesions/wounds

Vulnerary

Grind seeds (1 year after harvesting). (Admin. not specified.)

Aerial partsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z notes that some people claim drinking beverage prepared from Peganum hamala can cure over 70 types of internal diseases if used for 40 days every morning. However he also adds that others claim drinking the preparation is dangerous to some body systems including male & female reproductive tracts & therefore should only be used externally.(see also CAUTIONS. )
2. In recipe (5) for rheumatism Peganum harmala is used with Mahaleb Cherry (Prunus mahaleb); the Prunus genus has species which many contain hydrogen cyanide in their seeds & leaves & which can cause respiratory depression & death (see also CAUTIONS for Prunus amygdalus)
Peganum harmala contains alkaloids & all parts of the plant are reported as toxic. In humans overdose causes hallucinations, neurosensorial syndromes, bradycardia, nausea & vomiting. Also causes abortion & should therefore not be used in pregnant/ lactating women. Caution also in spreading preparations of this plant in olive oil to the eyes. Domestic animals eating sub-lethal amounts can suffer severe intoxication, digestive symptoms & narcotic state interrupted by short periods of excitement.