Pimpinella anisum

Pimpinella anisum L.

Apiaceae

  • Anisum vulgare Gaertn.
  • Anise
  • أنيسون
  • حب الحلوة
  • حبة حلوة
  • كمون حلو
  • يانسون
  • ينسون
  • Anisun
  • Habb el-hulwah
  • Habba hilwa
  • Kamun hilu
  • Yansun
  • כַּמְנוֹן הָאָנִיס
  • kamnon ha-'anis

Annual

  • Batha
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Pimpinella anisum L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cancer

Cancer

Anti-carcinogenic

1.Decoct seeds + fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) + nigella (Nigella ciliaris) + fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) & drink. (Admin. further details not specified.)
2. Decoct x1 teaspoon seeds to 2 cups boiled water & drink (Further details of Admin not specified.)

SeedB
Cardiovascular

Heart palpitations/ chest pain/ angina pectoris

Analgesic, Cardiac

Prepare alcoholic drink "araq" from extract of fruits. (Admin. not specified.)(See NOTES 2)

FruitZ
Cardiovascular

Weak heart

Cardiac

Crush fruits into powder & eat x1 teaspoon/day.

FruitZ
Child health

For baby whose mother's milk has stopped

Nutritive

Prepare infusion of fruits & give baby to drink.

FruitZ
Child Health

Infant care

Non-specific

Decoct seeds & give x1 teaspoon to infant.

SeedB
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Tinnitus

Anti-tinnitus

Make alcoholic solution (tincture) of etheric (essential) oil & apply drops into ear.

Essential oilZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal gas

Carminative

Mix powdered fruit of "yansoon" (Pimpinella anisum) + powdered ground Asparagus aphyllus seeds + ginger (Zingiber officinale) + "kharmal" (Peganum harmala) + honey & eat x1 teaspoon every morning.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

1. Prepare infusion of fruit in water & drink + sugar.
2. Cook fruits in water & drink.
3. Boil fruits in water + Tamarix sp. + cinammon (Cinnamonum sp.) + coriander (Coriandrum sativum) + sesame (Sesamum indicum) + fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) + "fadranaq" (?) & drink + sugar. Avoid eating meat.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Constipation,

Laxative

1. Decoct seeds & drink 1 cup x2 /day until well. (B)
2. Use crushed fruits. (Admin. not specified.) (Z)

Fruit, SeedB, Z
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea/ disinfect intestines.

Anti-Infective, Depurative

Grind fruit + "nabat" [large crystalled] sugar & eat.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Dysentery

Anti-Infective

Mix powders of Pimpinella fruit + cumin (Cuminum cyminum)+ cress (Lepidium sativum ) + thyme (Thymbra�capitata) + sugar & eat x1 teaspoon every morning before breakfast.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Excessive gastric acid

Antacid

Crush fruits + cumin (Cuminum cyminum)+ sugar & eat x2 teaspoons mornings.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Increase appetite

Stomachic

Use crushed fruits. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Indigestion/ intestinal pain/ flatulence

Carminative, Digestive

Decoct seeds & drink 1 cup x2/day until well.

SeedB
General

Oedema

Anti-hydropic

Cook aerial parts of Thymbra spicata in water + cumin (Cuminum cyminum) + Pimpinella + Lepidium sp. & drink.

FruitZ
Infections

Tuberculosis

Anti-tubercular

Mix powders of Pimpinella fruit + cumin (Cuminum cyminum) + cress (Lepidium sativum) + thyme (Thymbra�capitata) + sugar & eat x1 teaspoon every morning before breakfast.

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Increase urinary output & against abdominal pain.

Analgesic, Diuretic

Roast & crush fruits. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary obstruction

Deobstruent

Grind together seeds of Cucumis sativus+ "biz'r batikh" (Citrulllus vulgaris)+ "biz'r qara" (Curcubita maxima.)+ "yansun" (Pimpinella) + "bashbash" (Senecio vulgaris) & eat.

FruitZ
Mental Health

Relaxation; "to prevent anxiety & weight loss". (Z) Relaxant; nervous calming. (B)

Anxiolytic

1. Use smoke from incense of fruits. (Admin not specified but may imply inhaling smoke). (Z)
2. Decoct seeds & drink1 cup x 2/day until well. (B)

Fruit, SeedZ, B
Nervous system

Facial & oral muscular paralysis.

Nervine

Mix powders of Pimpinella fruit + "sureb" (? lead) + nutmeg (Myristica sp.) & tie in a bag; leave in mouth for 2 days.

FruitZ
Nervous system

Headache

Analgesic

Use smoke from incense of fruits. (Admin not specified but may imply inhaling smoke.)

FruitZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

1. Decoct seeds & rinse orally as needed. (B)
2. Prepare alcoholic drink "araq" from extract of fruits & gargle. (Z)

Fruit, SeedB, Z
Respiratory

Common cold (B) / Colds (Z)

Anti-Infective

1. Decoct seeds & drink 1 cup x2/day until well.(B)
2. Use smoke from incense of fruits. (Admin not specified but may imply inhaling smoke.) (Z)

Fruit, SeedB, Z
Respiratory

Regulate respiration

Non-specific

Use crushed fruits. (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Respiratory

Softening expectorant for throat & chest/ runny nose /bronchitis

Anti-Infective, Anti-catarrhal, Demulcent, Expectorant

Decoct fruits + chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.). (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ
Respiratory

Sore throat & colds

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

Prepare infusion of fruit in water & drink + tea.

FruitZ
Women`s Health

Increase (B)/ induce (Z) maternal milk flow

Galactagogue

1. Decoct seeds & drink 1 cup x 2/day during pregnancy & after giving birth. (B)
2. Decoct fruits. (Admin. not specified.) (Z)

Fruit, SeedB, Z
Women`s Health

Menstrual pain

Analgesic

Decoct seeds & drink 1 cup x 2/day.

SeedB
Women`s Health

Preserve a pregnancy from aborting.

Anti-abortive

Prepare infusion in hot water of Pimpinella + carrot (Daucus carota) + coriander (Coriandrum sativum) + fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare) fruits & drink.

FruitZ
Women`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase libido in women.

Aphrodisiac

Prepare vaginal plug of aerial parts of Alcea acaulis + "yansun" (Pimpinella anisum) fruit + Cuminum fruit + bu'eithran (Teucrium polium) (See NOTES 3) + honey (Admin. not specified.)

FruitZ

Other Uses

Pimpinella anisum L.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Culinary

Spice for cookies

Seasoning

Use fruit. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified)

FruitZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z refers to the fruit of Pimpinella anisum as the part used medicinally. This fruit is an oblong dry schizocarp (a dry fruit that on maturing, splits into 2 or more closed, one-seeded parts) usually called "aniseed". Z recipes refer to the fruit while B recipes refer to the seed..
2. Several recipes for Pimpinella anisum (anise) include "araq" or "arak" (arabic: perspiration ), a traditional alcoholic beverage especially of the Eastern Mediterranean. Made from crushed seeds of anise, the oil provides araq with a slight licorice taste. The other ingredient of araq are grapes. (See also Vitis vinifera.)
3. In the recipe for increasing female sexual drive, Z notes that one of the ingredients "bu'eithran" is Teucrium polium (synonym of Teucrium capitum). However this is not the common Arabic name for this species which is known as "jada". The Arabic name for Artemesia judaica however is "b'eithran"

Pimpinella anisum is assocaited with occasional allergic reactions of the skin, respiratory & gastrointestinal tract. Essential oil can cause nausea, vomiting, seizures, pulmonary oedema, kidney inflammation, dermatosis. Aniseed is an abortifacient & galactogogue & should not be used in preganacy & lactation in greater amounts than those in food. Hgh doses in nursing mothers can cause CNS disturbances, lethargy & poor suckling etc. in the newborn. High doses interfere with anticoagulant , contraceptive, MAOI and Oestragen Replacement therapy.