Plantago major

Plantago major L.

Plantaginaceae

  • Broad-leaf Plantain
  • Common Plantain
  • اذن الجدي
  • لسان الحمل الكبير
  • lisan el-hamal el-kebir
  • udun el-jadi
  • לֶחֶךְ גָּדוֹל
  • lekhekh gadol

Annual

  • Humid habitats

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Plantago major L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Atherosclerosis

Anti-atherosclerotic

1. Decoct 1 handful of dry leaves in 1L water, boil 15 min, filter & drink x1 cup before breakfast daily.
2. Prepare infusion of ground leaves & drink x2-3 cups/day (+ honey as needed).
3. Prepare infusion by adding 2 teaspoons of cut leaves to 1 cup boiled water & drink x2-3 cups/day as needed.

LeafB
Child Health

Bed wetting

Anti-enuresis

1. Boil large handful of leaves for 5 min in 1L water, emulsify for 15 min, drain & drink 1 cup x4/day.
2. Prepare infusion by adding 2 teaspoons cut leaves to 1 cup boiling water, sweeten + honey & drink x2-3 cups /day.

LeafB
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Ear problems

Non-specific

1. Extract juice from fresh leaves & add few drops into ear.
2. Boil flowers in olive oil, filter & add several drops to ear x2/day.
3. Boil seeds in water, filter & use filtrate as ear drops x1/day.

Leaf, SeedB
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

Extract juice from fresh leaves & add as drops into ear.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

1.Decoct 25 gm powdered leaves in 1L water & drink 1 cup x2-3/day until well. (An infusion can also be used.)
2. Boil leaves in water for 1 min & drink x1 spoon (small spoon for a child, large spoon for adult) x3 /day.

LeafB
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Prepare poultice from leaves + grilled garlic (Allium sativum) + onion (Allium cepa) + roasted apples (Malus pumila) & apply to haemorrhoids.

LeafB
Helminth infections

Intestinal worms

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Mix ground seeds + vinegar (suger can be added) & drink x1 teaspoon before breakfast for 3 days.
2. Prepare dough from ground seeds, knead + vinegar, sweeten + sugar & eat on empty stomach x1 teaspoon of dough (young people) or x1 large spoon (adults with large bodies); repeat single dose for 3 days.

SeedB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary retention

Deobstruent

Boil 1 large handful leaves for 5 min in 1L of water, steep for 15 min, filter & drink x4/day.

LeafB
Respiratory

Cough

Anti-tussive

Decoct seeds, filter, sweeten + sugar & drink x1 cup/day until well.

SeedB
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Bee sting

Ant-venom

1. Apply cut, fleshy leaves over sting.
2. Wash twigs well, grind & apply as poultice.

Branch/ twigs, LeafB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

The oil of Plantago major is mustard like, allergenic, irritant & causes dermatosis. Plantago major has laxative & uterine activity therefore not recommended in pregancy & lactation. Large doses can also be hypotensive. Some species in Plantago genus are contraindicated in diabetes & oesophageal, bowel or gastrointestinal obstruction. Can also cause fatal bronchospasm.