Quercus infectoria

Quercus infectoria subsp. veneris (A.Kern.) Meikle).

Fagaceae

  • Quercus boissieri Reut.
  • Aleppo Oak
  • بلوط حلبي
  • بلوط صبغي
  • ballut halabi
  • ballut sibghi
  • אַלּוֹן הַתּוֹלָע
  • alon ha-tola'

Tree

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Quercus infectoria subsp. veneris (A.Kern.) Meikle).

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Child health

Inflammation lips & tongue in babies.

Anti-inflammatory

Mix powdered gallnuts + vinegar & spread on tongue & lips x2/day after meals.

GallnutsZ
Dermatological

Prevent bleeding of skin & after shaving.

Haemostatic

Grind gallnuts to fine powder & sprinkle over haemorrhage.

GallnutsZ
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Decoct gallnuts in water & apply externally.

GallnutsZ
Gastrointestinal

Severe diarrhea & intestinal inflammation

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal, Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent

1.Decoct gallnuts in water & use internally. (Admin. further details not specified.)
2.Grind gallnuts to fine powder, cook in water & drink.

GallnutsZ
General

Colds & various ailments: abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, body pains, childhood illnesses

Analgesic, Anti-Infective, Anti-pyrexia

Prepare alcoholic tincture of gallnuts (galla), (See NOTES 1) + Ruta graveolens (leaf) + Phyllanthus emblica + "pedalon" (type of artificially prepared salt) + NaCl + Ferula assa-foetida + Aloe ferox + Myristica fragrans + Crocus sp. + Zingiber + Panicum (?) + Piper longum + Terminalia bellerica + "bedda" (See NOTES 2) (Terminalia citrina)+ "qali kaduri" (?) + Rosa sp.+ Cassia sp. + Gardenia sp. Take orally as necessary.

GallnutsZ
Oral health

Strengthen teeth & prevent tooth & gum inflammation

Anti-caries, Anti-gum disease

1. Grind gallnuts (See NOTES) + Cyperus sp. + Artemisia arboresens + Calamina (Calamine lotion: ZnO+Fe2O3) + Anacyclus pyrethrum; add little water to obtain a paste & spread in/around teeth.
2. For gum inflammation: decoct gallnuts in water & apply externally.

GallnutsZ
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

Grind gallnuts + Lawsonia sp. into fine powder & sprinkle over burn.

GallnutsZ
Wound Healing

Wounds, swelling & external hemorrhages

Haemostatic, Vulnerary

Decoct gallnuts in water & apply externally.

GallnutsZ

Other Uses

Quercus infectoria subsp. veneris (A.Kern.) Meikle).

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Cosmetic

Dye hair black; substitute for pomegranate peels

Dye

Mix burnt gallnuts & oil. (Admin. details not specified.), (See NOTES 1)

GallnutsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Galls or gallnuts are abnormal swellings on trees & plants caused by parasitic organisms e.g. nematodes, insects, bacteria, mites etc. that secrete chemical irritants into the plant tissue. Gallnuts resemble nuts. Galla Turcica are galls formed on the young branches or twigs of Quercus infectoria Olivier parasitized by gall wasps (Cynips gallae-tinctoriae Olivier). Galla are the gallnuts of Quercus sp.
2. According to Z "bedda" & "hedda" are common names for Terminalia citrina. He may be referring to "bodo", a common name from India.

Species in the Quercus genus have a high tannin content in leaves etc. which can irritate the digestive lining in excess. Foliage can be poisonous. Acorns should be leached of bitter tannins & roasted before consumption. Contraindicated in fevers, infectious states (baths), externally where skin is damaged especially eczma & using bark in cardio-insufficiency, kidney & liver conditions.