Ruscus aculeatus

Ruscus aculeatus L.


  • Butcher's Broom
  • Jew's Myrtle
  • Knee Holly
  • Piaranthus
  • سفندر
  • عجرم
  • عرف الديك
  • مكنسة الجزار
  • `ajram
  • `urf ad-dik
  • mikneset el-jazzar
  • safandar
  • עֶצְבּוֹנִית הַחֹרֶשׁ
  • etzbonit ha-khoresh


  • Mediterranean maquis and forest

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ruscus aculeatus L.

Activity / Interpretation Traditional

Parts Used




Cook plant in water alone or + "sharashib el-dura" (stigamata of Zea maydis (see NOTES 1) & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Kidney stones (Z, B) & Urinary obstruction (Z)

Anti-lithic, Deobstruent

1. Cook plant in water alone or + "sharashib el-dura" (stigamata of Zea maydis (see NOTES 1) & drink. (Z)
2. Decoct ground rhizomes & drink. (B)

Aerial partsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Stigmata maydis (corn silk) refers to stigmas of the female flowers of maize, (corn silk, Zea maydis).

Using the rhizome of Ruscus aculeatus has been associated rarely with gastric complaints including nausea, diarrhea & colits. Contains ruscogenins which may cause allergic skin reactions on local application of the plant due to sensitivity. Stimulates α-adrenergic system, therefore may potentially effect cardiovascular function & can also effect blood pressure in patients on treatment for hypertension. Berries are purgative. The plant is not suitable for children. Its safety in pregancy & lactation has not been established.