Ruta chalepensis

Ruta chalepensis L.

Rutaceae

  • Ruta bracteosa DC.
  • Egyptian Rue
  • Fringed Rue
  • Wall Rue
  • سذاب
  • فيجن
  • feijan
  • sozab
  • פֵּיגָם מָצוּי
  • peigam matzuy

Chamaephyte

  • Mediterranean maquis and forest
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Ruta chalepensis L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cardiovascular

Heart pain

Analgesic, Cardiac

Cook plant + Nigella sp. in water (Admin. not specified.)

Aerial parts, LeafZ
Child health

Abdominal pain in babies

Carminative

Crush leaves, mix + "qandi" (large crystal sugar) & let baby suck on mixture.

LeafZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Deafness

Non-specific

Cook aerial parts in olive oil, cool, filter & apply drops into ear x3/day.

Aerial partsZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Ear inflammation/ tinnitus.

Anti-inflammatory, Anti-tinnitus

1. Mix aerial parts + cloves (Eugenia sp.) + olive oil, cook & apply drops into ear.
2. Grind aerial parts + "'uzab" (? identity), warm in oil & apply as drops to ear.

Aerial partsZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

1.Cook plant in olive oil & apply drops into ear x3/day.
2. Mix aerial parts & leaves + Origanum syriacum + lightly warmed oil. (Admin. not specified.)

Aerial parts, LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

Cook plant in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Carminative for stomach/ digestive tract inflammation

Anti-inflammatory, Carminative, Demulcent

Decoct plant in water & drink x3 small cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

Grind dried plant into powder & eat.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Decoct aerial parts & apply as poultice locally to affected area before sleeping.

Aerial partsB
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Decoct plant in water & drink x3 small cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
General

Body pain & strengthening the body.

Analgesic, Tonic

1. Prepare infusion of plant & drink.
2. Use plant as food seasoning.

Aerial partsZ
General

Drunkenness

Anti-intoxicant

Mix plant + thyme (Thymus sp.) + oil & use as salve.

Aerial parts, LeafZ
General

Fluid accumulation in body: "zalal"

Anti-hydropic

Cook aerial parts in water in closed pot + Dittrichia viscosa + "rand" (Laurus sp.) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa); patient dressed in a loose gown stands over the rising steam as long as possible, then goes to bed & keeps warm.

Aerial partsZ
Helminth infections

Expel intestinal worms

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Mix leaves + mint leaves + peach leaves. (Admin. not specified.)
2. Cook aerial parts in olive oil & drink x1 cup before breakfast.

Aerial parts, LeafZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Dissolve stones in kidneys & urinary tract

Anti-lithic

Decoct plant in water & drink x2 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Diuretic

Diuretic

Decoct plant in water & drink x2 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Pain in urinary tract/ bladder/ kidneys

Analgesic/ Demulcent

Cook plant in water, add to bath & immerse.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary obstruction

Deobstruent

Decoct aerial parts in water + corn stigmata (See NOTES 1) & drink; also stand over steam of decoction.

Aerial partsZ
Mens Health

Scrotal oedema

Anti-hydropic

Eat fresh green leaves + stems.

Leaf, StemZ
Mental Health

Attacks of insanity

Anti-psychotic

Cook plant in water, add to bath & immerse.

Aerial partsZ
Mental Health

Depression & fatigue

Anti-depressant, Tonic

1. Prepare infusion of plant & drink.
2. Use plant as food seasoning.

Aerial partsZ
Mental Health

Fear

Anxiolytic

Cook plant in water + cumin & drink like tea.

Aerial partsZ
Men`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase virility

Aphrodisiac

Decoct plant in water & drink x3 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ joints

Knee pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Cook plant in water, add to bath & immerse.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ joints

Muscle cramps, especially face

Anti-spasmodic, Muscle relaxant

Face cramps: 1. Mix plant + olive oil + Nigella sativa, boil & massage. General cramps:
2. Cook plant in olive oil & massage.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ joints

Reset/ mend a poorly healed bone fracture.

Vulnerary

Cook aerial parts in water in closed pot + Dittrichia�viscosa + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa) + branches of "el-ghar" (Laurus) + "el-butum" (Pistacia atlantica) + "saris" (Pistacia lentiscus) + "sarw" (Cupressus sp.); place affected limb in steam for few minutes. When removed bone fracture can be tapped lightly to reset correctly.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ joints

Rheumatic pain back/ legs/ arms

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1.Boil or cook aerial parts in olive oil, cool, filter through gauze & use as massage lotion.
2. Prepare steam bath of green leaves & stems + Dittrichia viscosa + Nigella sativa.
3. Decoct in oil, green leaves & stems + Dittrichia viscosa + Nigella sativa & massage with oil.
4. Mix aerial parts + thyme (Thymus sp.) + oil & use as salve.

Aerial parts, Leaf, StemZ
Nervous system

Headache

Analgesic

1. Grind plant + cloves (Eugenia sp.) + lavander (Lavandula sp.) + onion; steep in vinegar & spread over forehead
2. Mix plant + thyme (Thymus sp.) + oil & use as salve.

Aerial parts LeafZ
Nervous system

Involuntary hand movements; Parkinson`s

Nervine

Decoct plant in water & drink x2 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Nervous system

Paralysis

Nervine

Cook 200 gm of plant in 3 cups water, add +1 cup oil & drink x1 cup every morning.

Aerial partsZ
Nervous system

Sciatica

Analgesic

Squeeze juice from leaves, drink & use as compress.

LeafZ
Opthalmic

Prepare antiseptic eyedrops

Anti-septic

Use juice of fresh plant as drops & apply to eye x2/day.

Aerial partsZ
Opthalmic

Weak eyesight

Visual health

Roast leaves + Coriandrum sativum fruit, grind, sift & apply to eyelid rim like "kohol" (eyeliner). (See NOTES
2.)

LeafZ
Poisons

Poisoning

Antidote

Eat fresh green leaves + stems.

Leaf, StemZ
Respiratory

Asthma/ allergic cough

Anti-allergy, Anti-asthmatic, Anti-tussive

1. Cook plant in water & drink.
2. Allergic cough: decoct plant in water & drink x3 small cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Ritual/ Ceremonial

Against the evil eye

Ritual

1. Place whole plant in the house or plant it in the garden. (B)
2. Plant in front of home, cut leaves on 10th & 20th days of Hebrew month with a gold coin; dry leaves & prepare as an amulet to wear.(Z)

Aerial parts, Leaf, Whole plant (? aerial parts + root)B, Z
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Scorpion bite

Anti-venom

Squeeze juice from leaves, drink & use as compress.

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Accelerate labour

Oxytocic

Use juice from leaves & apply as compress to abdomen.

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Induce abortion

Abortifacient

Use "5 dirhams of leaves" (See NOTES 4). (Further details Preparation/ Admin. not specified).

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Promote menstruation

Emmenagogue

Prepare bath with leaves + Dittrichia viscosa leaves.

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Uterine inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Mix aerial parts & leaves + Pelargonium sp. (See NOTES 3) + Rosmarinus+ Curcuma + Origanum sp. + little salt; prepare tampon & use vaginally

Aerial parts, LeafZ

Other Uses

Ruta chalepensis L.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Culinary

Seasoning, fragrant & flavorful for olives;

Seasoning

Add to olives during preparation.

Aerial partsZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Corn stigmata/ Stigmata maydis refers to stigmas of the female flowers of maize, (corn silk, Zea maydis).
2. In the recipe for weak eyesight, "khol" or "kohol" is an ancient eye cosmetic used in mascara as eyeliner & to protect the eyes from the harmful effects of the sun. Composed of Lead sulphide (PbS or Galena) it was applied especially amongst populations living in desert conditions. "Kohl " often had other ingredients.
3. In the recipe for uterine inflammation, Pelagonium sp. are southern African plants of the Geranium family.
4. For the recipe to induce an abortion using " 5 dirhams of leaves", Z notes that because the dirham is a coin, "5 dirhams" may refer to either its monetary value or weight.

Ruta genus has some species which may contain quinoline alkaloids & coumarins. Photoxic reactions on skin are possible after exposure to sunlight. Volatile oil orally is associated with gastric symptoms. Contraindicated in poor kidney function & pregnancy as can cause abortion. Fatal toxicity in large doses.