Silybum marianum

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.

Asteraceae (Compositae)

  • Blessed Milk-thistle
  • Milk Thistle
  • St.Mary's Thistle
  • خرفيش الجمال
  • سنارية
  • شوك الجمل
  • كغعوب
  • kagh'oub
  • khurfesh el-jimal
  • shok el-jamal
  • sinnariyah
  • גְּדִילָן מָצוּי
  • gedilan matzuy

Annual

  • Nutrient-rich soils
  • ruderal

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Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Diabetes

Hypoglycemic

Eat fresh stem daily.

StemB
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Eat fesh stem as needed.

StemB
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

After drying, silvery parts of flower are wrapped into small balls & inserted as anal suppository before sleep.

FlowerB
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Eat fesh stem until well.

StemB
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

Eat inner part of stem to clean teeth x3/week.

StemB
Wound healing

Bleeding wound

Haemostatic

Cut stem, squeeze out juice & apply to wound x1/day.

StemB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Silybum marianum has mild laxative & other gastric effects including abdominal cramps, bloating, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, weakness, headaches & excess sweating. Allergic reactions include rash especially if sensitive to Asteraceae/ Compositae plants (e.g. chrysanthemums, daisies, marigolds etc). May effect blood sugar levels therefore diabetics should monitor blood glucose. Contraindicated in various hormone sensitive cancers & conditions including ovarian & breat cancer, uterine fibroids etc. Concentrates nitrates in leaves when grown on nitrogen rich soils.