Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum L.

Solanaceae

  • .
  • Black Nightshade
  • Common Nightshade
  • Purple Nightshade
  • بندورة الحية
  • سموة
  • عنب الثعلب
  • عنب الذيب
  • `inab el-deb
  • `inab el-tha'lab
  • bandoret el-hayya
  • samweh
  • סוֹלָנוּם שָׁחֹר
  • solanum shakhor

Hemicryptophyte

  • Cultivated areas (weeds)
  • Disturbed habitats
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Solanum nigrum L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Dermatological

Rash & small skin lesions

Vulnerary

Cook aerial parts & fruit + Cichorium intybus + Descurainia sophia & drink. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS).

Aerial parts, FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice

Hepatic

Cook aerial parts & fruit + Cotoneaster nummularia + Alhagi sp. + Anchusa sp. + Nymphaea sp. + Cichorium root. Pour liquid stew onto Cassia fistula, add almond oil & drink x1 morning for 5 days. Eat plenty of watermelon with above preparation & also eat a small live fish every morning. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts, FruitZ
Infectious Diseases

High fever & malaria

Anti-malarial, Anti-pyretic

This preperation has 2 parts A & B: A. Cook fruit & aerial parts in water + Viola odorata + Nymphaea alba + Cichorium root. B. Cook Cassia fistula + Alhagi + almond oil. Drink A for 3 days morning & evening. If no improvement drink B only once. Next day, drink B again but prepared without Cassia fistula. If fever persists on 6th day, give original B again. (TOXIC See CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts, FruitZ
Infectious Diseases

Measles ("hasba"; see NOTES)

Anti-Infective

This preperation has 3 parts, A, B, C A. Cook fruit & aerial parts in water + Viola odorata + Nymphaea alba + Cichorium root. B. Cook Cassia fistula + Alhagi + almond oil. C. Cook Cassia fistula + Alhagi + almond oil+ Cotoneaster. Drink A for 3 days, morning and evening. If no improvement drink B. As a final treatment drink C. (TOXIC see CAUTIONS.)

Aerial parts, FruitZ
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Bee & scorpion stings

Ant-venom

Grind fresh aerial parts & apply to affected area.

Aerial partsB
Wound Healing

Abscess

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Grind fresh aerial parts & apply to affected area.

Aerial partsB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Z notes that the symptoms of "hasba" translated as "measles," can include high fever for 7 days, delirium, tongue biting, difficulty speaking, black tongue & black spots on the body.

Solanum nigrum is TOXIC containing solanine, a glycosidic, steroidal alkaloid which is most concentrated in the unripe green berries & immature fruit & leaves. Poisoning usually occurs 6-12 hrs after ingestion causing abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, sweating, confusion & drowsiness. Eating large amounts can cause death from cardiac arrhythmias & respiratory failure. Livestock poisoning from nitrate toxicity is caused by grazing on leaves of this species. It has been stipulated that the cooked ripe fruit of black Solanum nigrum is safe to eat, but only at very high temperatures (above 243°C) & not at normal cooking temperatures which do not degrade solanine. If Solanum nigrum leaves are boiled as a vegetable the cooking water must be discarded & replaced several times to remove toxins. (REF: Kuete V, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, (2014) 2
2.5.12 Solanum)