Thymbra capitata

Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav.

Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

  • Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichnb.
  • Conehead Thyme
  • Headed Savory
  • Israeli Thyme Mediterranean Thyme
  • زحيف
  • زعتر
  • زعتر فارسي
  • za'tar
  • za'tar farisi
  • zuheif
  • קוֹרָנִית מְקֻרְקֶפֶת
  • qoranit mequrqefet

Chamaephyte

  • Batha
  • Phrygana

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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Cancer

Cancer

Anti-carcinogenic

Decoct leaves & drink x1 cup/ day until recovery.

LeafB
Cardiovascular

Heart disease & chest pain

Analgesic, Cardiac

1. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink hot + sugar.
2. Drink watery extract of aerial parts
3. Burn aerial parts & inhale smoke.

Aerial partsZ
Cardiovascular

High blood pressure (Hypertension)

Hypotensive

Cook aerial parts in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT)

Sore throat & swollen tonsils

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

Prepare extract of aerial parts & gargle.

Aerial partsZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Earache

Analgesic

Prepare watery extract of aerial parts + salt + lemon & apply as ear drops.

Aerial partsZ
Endocrine/ Metabolic

Disease in which "one drinks much water" (See NOTES 1)

Hypoglcaemic

Cook crushed aerial parts in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain

Carminative

1. Decoct or cook aerial parts in water & drink.
2. Mix aerial parts + "yansun" (Pimpinella) seeds + "kammun" (cumin) + "bizr el-rashad" (Lepidium seeds) + sugar; drink x1 teaspoon/day before meal.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea/ dysentery

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

For diarrhea: 1. Prepare extract of aerial parts, mix + Artemisia sieberi & drink.
2. Grind aerial parts + hard boiled egg including shell & spread on forehead. For dysentery:
3. Mix aerial parts + "yansun" (Pimpinella) seeds + "kammun" (cumin) + "bizr el-rashad" (Lepidium seeds) + sugar; eat x1 small spoon /day before meal.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Regulate intestinal activity

Stomachic

Use leaves /non-woody parts of plant. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Gastrointestinal

Regulate stomach function

Digestive, Stomachic

Decoct aerial parts in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Swelling/ gas in digestive system

Carminative

Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink x3 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
Gastrointestinal

Vomiting

Anti-emetic

Crush aerial parts & smell.

Aerial partsZ
General

Abdominal ascites & oedema of other parts of body

Anti-hydropic

Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink for 40 days instead of water. Eat bread & other foods without salt.

Aerial partsZ
General

Bloating

Anti-hydropic

Use leaves (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
General

Internal inflammation

Anti-inflammatory

Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink x3 cups/day.

Aerial partsZ
General

Oedema

Anti-hydropic

Cook aerial parts in water & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Haematology

Prevent blood coagulation

Anti-coagulant

Mix non-woody aerial parts + "'innab" (Zizyphus sp.) (See NOTES 2).(Admin. not specified.)

Aerial partsZ
Helminth infections

Worms

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Use non-woody aerial parts + pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita maxima). (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)
2. Prepare extract of aerial parts, mix + Artemisia sieberi & drink.

Aerial partsZ
Infectious Diseases

Tuberculosis

Anti-tubercular

1. Mix aerial parts + "yansun" (Pimpinella) seeds + "kammun" (cumin) + "bizr el-rashad" (Lepidium seeds) + sugar & eat x1 teaspoon/day before meal.
2. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink instead of water.

Aerial partsZ
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Increase urine excretion & prevent bloating

Diuretic

Use leaves. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Mental Health

Tranquilizer & "black bile" depression

Anti-depressant, Sedative

Use leaves. (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Reset & mend incorrectly healed bone fracture

Vulnerary

Cook aerial parts + leaves & young branches of "kharub" (Ceratonia siliqua) + branches of "el-ghar" (Laurus nobilis) + branches of olive (Olea) + branches of "saris" (Pistacia lentiscus) + "maryameyeh" (Salvia fruticosa); hold broken limb over steam for few min. After removing bone can be re-broken with light tap.

Aerial partsZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Rheumatism/ back & muscle pain

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Cook aerial parts in water & drink.
2. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & add to hot bath; massage painful area.

Aerial partsZ
Oral Health

Tooth rinse

Mouth wash

Prepare extract of aerial parts + vinegar & gargle.

Aerial partsZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

1. Suck leaves.
2. Chew upper parts (shoots/ stems ).
3. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & gargle x3/day as necessary.

Leaf, Stem /shootsZ
Respiratory

Colds

Anti-Infective

1. Use leaves (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)
2. Grind aerial parts, mix + oil & apply to various parts of body. Patient must lie in bed (causes fever to rise).
3. Mix aerial parts + "fliyu" (? fulaya)( Mentha pulegium) + "feijan" (Ruta sp.) + "qarfa" (? Kafoor) (Cinnamomum camphor) & inhale mixture.
4. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink hot + sugar x3/day.

Aerial parts, LeafZ
Respiratory

Cough & chest pain

Analgesic, Anti-tussive

1. Drink water extract of aerial parts.
2. Use leaves (Admin. not described.)
3. Burn aerial parts & inhale smoke.
4. Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink hot + sugar x3/day.

Aerial parts, LeafZ
Respiratory

Cough & regulate respiration

Anti-tussive

Use leaves (Preparation/ Admin. not specified.)

LeafZ
Respiratory

Expectorant for coughs, colds & infliuenza

Expectorant

Decoct aerial parts in water, cool, filter & drink hot + sugar x3/day.

Aerial partsZ
Respiratory

Strengthen lungs

Pectoral

Mix non-woody upper parts + honey or sugar (Admin. not specified.)

Aerial partsZ
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Scorpion sting

Anti-venom

Apply crushed powdered leaves to affected area.

LeafZ
Women`s Health

Uterine pain & inflammation

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Cook leaves in water, filter & use vaginally as douche.

LeafZ
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

Sprinkle crushed powdered leaves over affected area.

LeafZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. Z queries that the complaint in which one "drinks much water" could refer to diabetes.
2. In the recipe to prevent blood coagulation, an additional ingredient is "'innab" which Z identifies as Zizyphus sp. This appears to be a general Arabic name for the genus & is also used for Ziziphus spina- cristi.

Thymbra capitata can be toxic in large amounts. Carvacrol, an essential oil can irritate the skin, gastrointestinal tract & mucous membranes, interact with drugs & inhibit blood clotting.