Urtica pilulifera

Urtica pilulifera L.

Urticaceae

  • Roman Nettle
  • أنجر
  • القريص
  • قراص
  • قريص نجاج
  • anjar
  • el-qurreis
  • qurras
  • qurreis najaj
  • סִרְפַּד הַכַּדּוּרִים
  • sirpad ha-kadurim

Annual

  • Nutrient-rich soils
  • ruderal

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Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Urtica pilulifera L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Ageing

Memory enhancement

Nootropic

Decoct stem & drink x1-2 teaspoons several x/day.

StemB
Cancer

Cancer

Anti-carcinogenic

Boil leaves in water, steep 30 min, filter & drink 1 teaspoon x 3/day for 1 mth.

LeafB
Cardiovascular

Arteriosclerosis

Anti-atherosclerotic

Boil ground roots in water for 5 min & drink x2 cups/day for 14 days.

RootB
Cardiovascular

Chilblains

Rubefacient

Strike fresh stem & leaves against skin.

Leaf, StemB
Cardiovascular

Heart disease

Cardiac

Decoct aerial parts & drink daily.

Aerial partsB
Cardiovascular

Strengthen blood circulation

Vasoprotective

Decoct roots & drink hot x4/day for 1 mth.

RootB
Dermatological

Eczema/ itchy skin

Anti-inflammatory, Anti-pruritic

1. Dry leaves in sun + germander sage (Teucrium creticum) leaves, grind, mix + olive oil & apply to affected area.
2. Apply fresh leaves/ twigs to affected area x1/ day.

Branch /twig, LeafB
Dermatological

Hair loss

Hair restorer

1. Decoct leaves & apply to hair.
2. Prepare infusion of aerial parts + flowers & spread over scalp x1/ day.

Aerial parts, Flower, LeafB
Dermatological

Open boil

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Crush fruits, wet + water & spread over cloth; apply as bandage to boil.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Skin allergy

Anti-allergy

Apply fresh stem to affected area once when needed.

StemB
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

Decoct aerial parts & drink 1-2 teaspoons x3 /day.

Aerial partsB
Gastrointestinal

Indigestion

Digestive

Decoct aerial parts & drink 1-2 teaspoons x3/ day.

Aerial partsB
Gastrointestinal

Stomach ulcer

Anti-ulcer

Boil leaves in water, stand for a while, filter & drink x1 cup mornings for 15 days.

LeafB
Haematology

Anaemia

Anti-anaemic

Boil ground roots in water for 5 min & drink x2 cups/ day for 14 days.

RootB
Kidney & Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection

Anti-Infective

Decoct leaves + common mallow (Malva sylvestris) leaves; add decoction to bath & use as a wash.

LeafB
Mens Health/ Reproductive Health

Male Infertility

Fertility

Mix 1 teaspoon seeds + 2 teaspoons honey & eat 1 teaspoon x3/day for 40 days.

SeedB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Grind dried aerial parts to powder & apply to affected area x1/week.

Aerial partsB
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Joint pain/ rheumatism/ arthritis/ inflammation

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1. Decoct aerial parts & drink x1 cup evenings until well. (B)
2. Rub fresh leaves over affected area until well.(B)
3. Boil leaves in water & apply as poultice to affected area. (B)
4. Decoct leaves + common mallow (Malva sylvestris) leaves, add to bath & bathe. (B)
5. Decoct leaves, filter & immerse affected area.(B)
6. Decoct leaves & stems & immerse feet x3 /day until well.(B)
7. Decoct aerial parts in water & apply to body (externally). (Z)

Aerial parts, Leaf, StemB, Z
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Osteoporosis

Nutritive

Boil leaves in water, steep 1 hr & drink 1 teaspoon x3/day for 40 days.

LeafB
Respiratory

Cough/ catarrh

Anti-Infective, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-tussive

1. Boil aerial parts in hot water, steep 30 min & drink x2 cups/day until well.
2. Decoct ground aerial parts & drink 1 cup x2/day for 57 days (if catarrh).

Aerial partsB
Women`s Health

Bleeding from womb

Haemostatic

Boil ground roots in water for 5 min & drink x2 cups/day for 14 days.

RootB
Women`s Health

Menstrual pain

Analgesic

1.Decoct leaves & twigs & drink x1-2 teaspoons several times /day.
2. Eat raw plant twigs x1-2 teaspoons several x/day.
3. Boil dried ground leaves in water for 5 min & drink x1-2 teaspoons several x/ day.

Branch /twig, LeafB
Women`s Health/ Reproductive Health

Female fertility

Fertility

1. Decoct leaves & twigs & drink x1-2 teaspoons several x/day.
2. Eat fresh plant & twigs.
3. Grind dried leaves + flowers, boil in water 5 min & drink x1-2 teaspoons, several x/day.

Branch /twig, Flower, LeafB
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

1. Decoct leaves & apply as poultice to affected area.
2. Apply fresh leaves as poultice to affected area.

LeafB
Wound Healing

Wound inflammation

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Decoct leaves + malva leaves, add to bath & bathe.

LeafB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Urtica genus has species with stinging hairs on leaves causing skin irritation. This can be neutralized by cooking or decocting the leaves. Old leaves develop cystoliths (outgrowths of the cell wall usually of calcium carbonate) which can irritate the kidneys. Roots may cause gastrointestinal upsets & nausea. Avoid in preganacy & lactation & severely allergic patients .Can interfere with drugs for hypertension, diabetes & CNS .