Vicia ervilia

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.

Leguminosae (Fabaceae)

  • Bitter Vetch
  • Blister Vetch
  • Ervil
  • كرسنة
  • kursaneh
  • בִּקְיַת הַכַּרְשִׁינָה
  • כַּרְשִׁינָה
  • biqyat ha-karshina
  • karshina

Annual

  • Batha
  • Phrygana
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distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea

Anti-Infective, Anti-diarrheal

Steep seeds in water for 1 day, filter & drink filtrate all day instead of water.

SeedZ
Nervous System

Migraine

Analgesic

Mix powdered seeds + egg white to form paste; place on flannel & apply to forehead as necessary.

SeedZ

Other Uses

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Veterinary

Increase lactation in livestock

Galactagogue

Boil seeds & add to animal feed (cows, sheep, goats).

SeedB
Veterinary

Nourishment for livestock

Nutritive

Boil seeds & add to animal feed.

SeedB
Veterinary

Postpartum inflammation in livestock

Anti-inflammatory

Boil seeds & add to animal feed.

SeedB

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

Vicia ervilia seeds contain canavanine which can be toxic orally; implicated in neurolathyrism causing spastic paralysis, parasthesia etc. For human consumption bitterness of seeds can be removed by several changes of boiling water. Toxicty for feeding ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats), avoided by processing seed through cracking, steeping in water & fermentation. A related species Vicia fava (fava bean) contains vicine causing hemoltyic anemia (favism) in genetically susceptible indiviuals with G6PD deficiency. Unclear if Vicia ervilia also contains vicine.