Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera L.

Vitaceae

  • Grape-vine
  • زبيب
  • ورق العنب
  • ورق الكرمة
  • ورق دوالي
  • waraq el-'inab
  • waraq el-dawali
  • waraq el-karma
  • zabib
  • גֶּפֶן הַיַיִן
  • גֶּפֶן הַיְּעָרוֹת
  • gefen ha-yayin
  • gefen ha-ye'arot

Climber, Phanerophyte shrub

  • Humid habitats
Click Flora of Israel Online to view
distribution and other botanical details.

Medicinal Complaints / Uses

Vitis vinifera L.

System/StateTraditional
Complaint/Use
Activity / Interpretation Traditional
Preparation/Administration

Parts Used

Source
Ageing

Strengthen memory

Nootropic

Drink alcohol prepared from raisins (dried grapes).

FruitZ
Child Health

Abdominal pain & diarrhea in children

Anti-diarrheal

Mix 1.5 cups of wine (Vitis) + dried bread in saucepan & heat a little; spread mixture over cloth & wrap baby in it at night.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Abscess

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Prepare poultice from leaves & apply to abscess over night for 3 days.

LeafB
Dermatological

Boils & to open/ expel pus

Anti-Infective, Vulnery

1.Mix wine vinegar + cow dung & bandage lesion (see CAUTIONS).
2. Prepare dough of distilled alcohol ("araq") + flour & apply to affected area.
3. Grind seeds of Linum usitatissimum, moisten + water or vinegar & bandage affected area.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Eczema

Anti-inflammatory

Apply grape wine vinegar + henna (Lawsonia sp.) + Rheum sp. to affected area.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Hair loss & strengthen hair

Hair restorer

1. Immerse tip of young branch in cup of water & steep for 12 hrs; water becomes cloudy with white sediment. Drink water & spread on head. (Z)
2. Wash hair with grape water. (B)

Branch /twig, FruitZ, B
Dermatological

Pruritis

Anti-pruritic

Massage irritated area with wine vinegar.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Ringworm of scalp (Tinea capitis)

Anti-fungal

1. Mix wine vinegar + egg yolk & apply to affected area.
2. Mix wine vinegar + goat dung (see CAUTIONS), spread over cloth & bandage affected area.

FruitZ
Dermatological

Urticaria

Anti-allergy, Anti-pruritic

Eat dried fruits (raisins) x2 teaspoons mornings for 3 days. ( Z notes it "causes contraction of the bile ducts causing rash." )

FruitZ
Ear, Nose & Throat

Nasal tumors

Anti-tumor

Apply distilled alcohol + ? tartar oil (mustard seed) & apply to affected area.

FruitZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Inflammation of oropharynx/ throat

Anti-Infective, Demulcent

Cook in (wine) vinegar Cinchona bark + alum + honey + water & gargle.

FruitZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Nosebleed

Haemostatic

Inhale steam of wine vinegar over a fire.

FruitZ
Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)

Tonsilitis

Anti-Infective

Mix wine vinegar + alum (hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium) + honey & gargle.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Abdominal pain & gas

Carminative

1. Drink wine + cinnamon.
2. Drink x1 cup distilled alcohol (cognac, araq) alone or +sugar.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Constipation

Laxative

1. Eat fruit. (Z)
2. Grind dried fruit (raisins) + figs + dates & eat x1 teaspoon before sleep. (Z)
3. Eat fresh fruits in season. (B)
4.Drink fruit juice x1 cup/day. (B)

FruitZ, B
Gastrointestinal

Haemorrhoids

Anti-haemorrhoidal

Prepare rectal suppository with raisins + lard + sugar.

FruitZ
Gastrointestinal

Jaundice,

Hepatic

1. Eat fresh fruits in season.
2. Drink fruit juice x1 cup/ day.

FruitB
General

Dizziness & body weakness

Tonic

1. Eat raisins (dried fruits) morning & evening.
2. Boil raisins in water & drink 1 cup x3 /day.

FruitZ
General

Fever

Anti-pyretic

1. Mix wine + Cinchona sp. (Admin not specified).
2. Mix grape wine vinegar + Capparis sp. leaves & apply as compress.
3. Rub head with vinegar alone or + lemon juice.
4. Infuse cloves (Eugenia sp.) + rose flowers in vinegar; spread mixture over cloth & place on forehead.
5. Grate onions & mint & macerate in vinegar; spread over forehead. For high fever:
6. Rub body/ head with wine vinegar alone or + salt.
7. Crush Mentha sp. & prepare bandage with water or vinegar on cloth; tie on forhead or chest.

FruitZ
General

Heat stroke

Anti-pyretic, Refrigerant

Mix wine vinegar + rose water & rub on forehead.

FruitZ
General

Supply body with energy

Nutritive

Eat ripe fruits.

FruitZ
General

Thirst; "especially after eating large amount of mandrakes" (Mandragora officinalis)

Refrigerant

Eat large amounts of grape jam.

FruitZ
Helminth infections

Worms (intestinal)

Anthelmintic, Vermifuge

1. Drink grape wine vinegar + "qat" (Catha edulis).
2. Soak seeds of Cicer arietinum in white vinegar, drink liquid & eat seeds.

FruitZ
Infectious Diseases

Measles

Anti-Infective

Spread distilled alcohol (cognac, "araq") over body. Burn goat`s hair & sleep in smoke filled room well covered. ( Z adds "disease exits through abdomen").

FruitZ
Mental Health

Madness & to soothe nerves

Anti-psychotic, Sedative

Mix raisins + almonds + nuts + bee honey + Majorana + garlic + Nigella + Cinnamomum Cassia + black pepper + olive oil & eat.

FruitZ
Men`s Health/ Sexuality

Increase virility

Aphrodisiac

1. Eat dried fruits (raisins).
2. Prepare alcohol from raisins & drink.

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Back pain

Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory

Heat wine vinegar + Dorema ammoniacum, add Pistacia lentiscus resin & heat till mixture turns red; cool, spread on cloth & apply to painful area.

FruitZ
Musculoskeletal/ Joints

Knee pain, non traumatic & rheumatism.

Analgesic, Anti-arthritic, Anti-inflammatory

1.Mix wine vinegar + goat or sheep dung + goat`s blood (see NOTES & CAUTIONS) & bandage knee.
2. Mix wine + water + wheat fiber & bathe in mixture. (Unclear if Cinchona sp. Is also added to this recipe)

FruitZ
Nervous System

Headache

Analgesic

1. Rub head with (wine) vinegar alone or + lemon juice or + distilled alcohol (araq)
2. Infuse cloves (Eugenia sp.) + rose flowers in (wine) vinegar; spread over cloth & place on forehead.
3. Grate onions + mint & macerate in (wine) vinegar; spread over forehead.
4. Mix grape wine vinegar + crushed ginger & apply as poultice to forehead & temples. Chronic Headache: 5 .Prepare dough of wine vinegar + flour & apply to forehead.
6. Inhale wine vinegar.
7. Mix henna (Lawsonia sp.) or ground myrtle (Myrtus) leaves + wine vinegar; spread on cloth & apply to head.
8. Migraine: Boil roasted ground seeds of Nigella sativa + olive oil or vinegar & inhale fluid through nose.

FruitZ
Opthalmic

Eye treatment

Non-specific

Collect juice secreted from branches when pruning & apply to eyes.

Branch /twig, LeafZ
Oral health

Gingivitis

Anti-gum disease

Use distilled alcohol (cognac, "araq") + water as mouthwash or gargle.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Mouth disinfectant

Anti-septic, Mouth wash

Mix distilled alcohol (cognac, araq) + water & use as mouthwash.

FruitZ
Oral Health

Strengthen teeth & stop bleeding from mouth (i.e. gums)

Anti-caries, Anti-gum disease

1.Cook grapevines (Vitis) in water + flowers of Rosa sp. + Myrtus communis leaves + lentils & gargle
2. Mix distilled alcohol (cognac, araq) + water & use as mouthwash (for gingivitis).

LeafZ
Oral Health

Toothache

Analgesic

1. Mix grape wine vinegar + Capparis leaves or salt. (Admin. not specified.)
2. Use distilled alcohol (cognac, "araq") alone or + water as mouthwash or gargle.
3. Cook bark of Cinchona sp. in vinegar + cypress cones + alum (hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium) & gargle mornings.
4. Cook aerial parts of Majorana syriaca + vinegar + cumin + olive oil & apply to tooth.

FruitZ
Pain Relief

Pain relief from purulent infection under fingernail

Analgesic

Immerse finger in cup of "araq" (distilled alcohol) until pain subsides.

FruitZ
Respiratory

Colds, runny nose

Anti-Infective, Anti-catarrhal

1. Wine + Cinchona (Admin. not specified.)
2. Mix grape wine vinegar + Capparis leaves & apply as compress.
3. Massage with distilled alcohol + lemon juice or vinegar.
4. Apply vinegar compress to forehead & to wet cloths & inhale.

FruitZ
Respiratory

Cough & soften throat

Anti-tussive, Demulcent

Cook Sambucus nigra in water + dried figs or raisins & drink liquid.

FruitZ
Surgical/ Trauma

Haemorrhage

Haemostatic

1. Use leaves as a compress.
2. Mix donkey dung (see NOTES & CAUTIONS) + wine + honey & apply to haemorrhage.

Fruit, LeafZ
Venoms, Bites & Stings

Scorpion bite

Anti-venom

Pour distilled alcohol (cognac, araq, ) over bite & tie string on both sides (of the bite).

FruitZ
Women`s Health

Post-partum haemorrhage

Haemostatic

Boil stems in water & drink 1 cup x3/day.

StemZ
Wound healing

Antiseptic for wounds & skin

Antiseptic

1. Place fresh leaves on wound & replace daily.
2. Decoct leaves & wash/ clean affected area with decoction.

LeafZ
Wound Healing

Burn

Vulnerary

Mix wine vinegar + salt + oil & apply to burn.

FruitZ
Wound Healing

Heal open wounds/ open & heal closed skin lesions

Vulnerary

Use leaves. (Preparation/ Admin not specified. )

LeafZ
Wound Healing

Infected wounds & skin lesions

Anti-Infective, Vulnerary

Use vinegar or water to wet ground flax seeds, spread over cloth & apply.

FruitZ
Wound Healing

Skin & wound antispetic

Anti-septic

1. Apply fresh leaves to wound & replace x1/day.
2. Decoct leaves in water & use to wash & clean purulent wound/ lesion.

LeafZ

Other Uses

Vitis vinifera L.

System/StateComplaint / Use Activity / Interpretation Preparation and Administration
Parts Used

Source
Cosmetic

Dye hair black

Dye

Cook grape leaves + mulberry leaves (Morus nigra) + fig leaves (from tree producing black fruit) & wash hair with mixture.

LeafZ

The authors of the Flora Palaestina Ethnobotany (FPE) web site do not take responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of the plants described here. Always seek advice from a health professional before using a plant medicinally or for other purposes

1. In various recipes for Vitis vinifera several types of preparations are used including raisons (dried grapes), vinegar & distilled alcohol as Cognac (from white wine) & "araq" or "arak" (a distilled spirit typically made from grape & aniseed).

Some externally applied recipes for Vitis vinifera for skin problems, burns, ringworm, pain & rheumatism include adding dung from various animals e.g. camels, goats. This historical, discredited treatment is dangerous and not recommended.